A pit is a hollow in the ground adjacent to a building wall. Purpose and arrangement of priyamkov
The basement is usually at the level of the basement and the basement. Quite often, it is equipped with small windows, located at ground level. For greater illumination, these openings can be located even below ground level. In this case, a prerequisite is the implementation of pits in the basement. About them will be discussed below.
A pit is a depression in the soil that adjoins the wall of the main building. With the help of these elements, it is possible to increase the access to the inside of additional sunlight and to ensure the discharge of water during precipitation. Typically, such additions have a rectangular, less often - trapezoidal or semicircular shape. On the one hand there is an opening, which can be windowed or entrance.Pitholes are required not only to provide light conditions, but also to aerate basement and basements.
A pit is part of a building. If you decided to supplement the basement with such a hub, then you need to familiarize yourself with the phased process of the work. Such constructions are mandatory when the windows are 20 cm above the surface. If we ignore this rule, the basement can be flooded, which is especially important during the melting of snow and spring floods.
Work on the device pit must begin with the execution of a small pit. Professionals recommend doing it in such a way that the floor area is equal to the approximate area of the window. These parameters are optimal for such structures. Digging a hole requires a certain length, which should be 1.5 times larger than the window itself.
The pit should be placed at the wall of the house. A pit is a structure that can have a certain shape. This option is selected based on the preferences of the property owner. Most consumers choose a rectangular shape, as this saves the outdoor space of the territory. The depth of the pit should be such that the floor is 25 cm below the extreme part of the opening.
Recommendations for the work
At the stage of arrangement of the pit, you need to take care of the drainage of water. To do this, a well should be drilled in the central part of the pit, the depth of which will be 1.5 m. A corrugated pipe is inserted inside. Such drainage can be brought to the level of the foundation bedding and led under the wall.
An outlet can be provided in a well or a common drain, but only if such is provided. Typically, residential projects are created taking into account the pit, the latter of which must have the exact size. On sale you can find factory priyamki with a protective grille, which involves placing the structure flush with the ground surface.
At this stage it is necessary to create a formwork from boards, which will allow to fill the walls. Their thickness should be 15 cm or more. The pit may be flush with the ground, then it will receive wastewater. You can perform the nut, the dimensions of which can be equal to the limit of 15 to 20 cm.
For such structures, the reinforcement is almost not used, since the dimensions are rather small and will not involve large loads.However, you should provide a bundle with the outer wall of the building by hammering in long nails by half. Arranging the pit in the basement, you should carry out the insulation of the lower part of the wall, which will reduce heat loss by the window. Additionally, you should lay a layer of waterproofing film. It is displayed in stock.
Today, you can find ready-made pits for sale. Their cost is acceptable, and the design allows to minimize the work, reducing them to the preparation of the pit. Such devices require detailed study of the installation instructions, as individual models have their own technical requirements and features.
A pit is a structure that, when cast in concrete, should add a small amount of liquid glass, which will protect the material from moisture. The system can be supplemented with a small curb, which will provide additional protection against rain and will not allow moisture to get into the pit.
The bottom of the structure should have a certain slope, which should be sent to the drain. It should be closed with a pit lattice, which will eliminate the possibility of clogging.If you plan to build the structure yourself, then after the concrete has set, it should be treated with antibacterial impregnation. This will reduce the risk of mold and mildew.
Before starting to fill, it is recommended to protect the joints with the building and the seams with a waterproofing layer. This will protect the building, basement and other structures from moisture.
This stage is quite important, sometimes the safety of people in the house depends on it. This is because the pit is at ground level and a small threshold is not able to protect against accidental fall. Therefore, special structures having a specific purpose are formed.
Experts recommend making metal gratings made of galvanized iron or stainless steel, which are able to withstand the weight of a person. Sometimes they undergo the mass of the machine. Many carry out design products, exposing them to chrome or burnish. As a result, they manage to get the design of the pit, which becomes a real work of art and decoration of the facade.
Over the pit, you can create visors that will protect the space from rainwater. Such designs reduce the degree of penetration of the sun into the room.If you choose finished products, then this issue will already be resolved. Therefore, the buyer should only choose your favorite option. The safety guard of the pit should be well fixed on the walls and the house. Such designs exclude falling, and their appearance is usually in second place.
The pit acts as a necessary part of buildings and structures. It must have certain parameters. But the technology of work is usually not accompanied by difficulties, as for even those masters who do not have certain skills.