Alexander Garden: a green corner of the capital
In the modern metropolis is not so easy to find a green corner for a good rest. And even in Moscow there are places in which leaves a warm light in the soul. The first thing that comes to mind is the Alexander Garden. It is located in the heart of the capital. And those who have visited Red Square at least once in their life have definitely not avoided it. After all, this green landmark literally props up the walls of the Kremlin. This is a true symbol of the capital. The gates of the Alexander Garden open access to the world of many monuments, dense greenery, great mood.
A brief history excursion
This territory has been used by residents of the city for a long time. In the 15th century, the parishes of the surrounding churches and courtiers lived here. Then all the buildings were demolished by order of Ivan III, who wanted to improve the visibility around the Kremlin in case of a siege. In the middle of the 17th century the territory was occupied by the Aptekarsky garden, which served as a place for growing medicinal plants. It was later transferred.In the middle of the 18th century, when there was a threat of an attack by the Swedes, defensive fortifications were erected on the territory that the Alexander Garden now occupies. 1820 is considered the year of birth of this attraction. Alexander I visited the capital. He decided that the space near the Kremlin walls should be landscaped. The task to break the garden here was given to the architect by the name of Beauvais.
Alexander Garden from the very beginning consisted of three parts (Lower, Middle and Upper), which separated the bridges. It is noteworthy that the name of this park was different. First they called it the Kremlin gardens. And the sight, which was customary for us now, got the name only in 1856 in honor of the one who gave the order to arrange it - Emperor Alexander I.
The territory, as conceived by Mr. Beauvais, was landscaped in stages. The architect was engaged in the project only the top. Today it is the most popular and crowded. The middle and upper parts of the bridge divides, under it were provided for the arch, intended for the passage of the public. The lower part ends at the embankment. Moscow Now it is closed for visits.
Alexander Garden has a total area of 10 hectares. His original unique style is English parks with picturesquely located flower gardens, lawns, and shrubs. Previously, the main alley was covered with lindens standing in 4 rows, the paths sprinkled with sand. Now this place has not lost its charm.
Fence and gates
The Alexander Garden welcomes guests with the skillfully cast grille of the hand of Master Nemchinov. A cast-iron gate, decorated with bronze elements in gilt, designed by architect Pascal. They make out the main entrance, located on the side of the Historical Museum. The gates are immediately remembered for the two-headed eagles on the pillars and cast heads, reminiscent of the Gorgon Medusa. Gates, similar to those that are the main entrance, were on the other side of the garden in the 19th century. In the north, in the neighborhood, there is a complex of buildings of the Manege Square. The garden is separated from it by a wrought-iron lattice, the author of which is the architect Shestakov. It was made in 1934.
Alexander Garden in Moscow, due to its diverse original entrances, fences, immediately attracts attention.But inside you expect no less surprises.
Alexander Garden: monuments
So, if you like monuments, you are connoisseurs of such buildings with a rich history, then this particular green corner of the capital will give you a lot of interesting meetings.
- The eastern part of the garden. The first striking monument to V. Zhukovsky, created in the 19th century. On the pedestal there are interesting inscriptions that are worth reading. There is also a sculpture "Flora Farnezskaya", established in 1833. Since 2007, the eastern part of the garden is decorated with a memorial plate indicating the place of the 1st line of the St. Petersburg land tram.
- Central part. Garden guests are struck by a fountain installed here in 1879. It is made of Serdobol granite, mined in the quarries on about. Janisari. The central jet of this structure beats up to 17 meters. There is one feature of the fountain: the height of the jets of numerous pipes varies in time with the music that sounds around. In this part of the garden there are also monuments to N. Gogol, M. Lermontov, M. Glinka, established at the end of the 19th century. But the monument to A. Gorchakov appeared relatively recently - in 1997.
- The western part of the garden.It is decorated with a monument to the legendary N. Przhevalsky, the first selfless explorer of nature in Central Asia. Attracts attention and a sculpture called "Hercules Farnese".
Alexander Garden in Moscow in the Upper part has an interesting place - the Italian grotto, which is known under the name "Ruins". His project was developed by the architect Beauvais. Capital residents believe that if you make a wish and find a coin under the arches of the grotto, it will surely come true. But this is not as easy as it seems. The crevices and cracks of the vault do not want to give up their “treasures”. If you managed to pull out the desired coin, do not forget to leave another one in return.
Alexander Garden is able to surprise endlessly. And every time you come here, you will find something new for yourself.