Baltic countries: list, history. Baltic Development
There are many interesting things in the history of development of each Baltic country - there is something to learn, to take an example in some ways, and in some things you can learn from the mistakes of others.
Despite the small territory and small population, they manage to occupy a weighty position in various international economic and trade associations.
If you ask a question: the Baltic countries are what countries, how they have developed and what they live for, then this article is for you, because here you can find all the necessary answers.
In this article we will look at their history, development and current position in the world political and economic arena.
Baltic countries. Composition
Nothing less, but three countries are called the Baltic countries. At one time they were part of the USSR. Today, all Baltic countries are completely independent.
The list is as follows:
They are at the same time similar and differ in their history, development, inner color, people, traditions.
The Baltic countries cannot boast of large reserves of natural resources, which affects the economy. The demographic situation has a negative trend, as the death rate exceeds the birth rate. Also affects the high level of emigration to other more developed countries of Europe.
To sum up, in many respects the modern development of the Baltic countries is at the expense of the European Union. Of course, this affects both the domestic and foreign policy of these countries.
Consider the Baltic countries in more detail.
In the period from the 11th to the 19th century, the lands that now belong to the Republic of Lithuania constantly shared their neighbors. But today it has achieved significant success in both political and economic spheres.
One of the serious steps that other Baltic countries, changing the development vector, have made, was the decision to join NATO and the European Union. In fact, they ruined all relations with Russia.
The communist regime was equated with the Nazi regime, and any symbols of these regimes became outlawed.
If we consider the country's economy, it is clear that it is well supported by the European Union.The low level of raw materials forces Lithuania to cooperate closely with energy suppliers.
Despite the fact that Lithuania, like other Baltic countries, is only a developing European country, it has become native to many different nationalities.
Despite the fact that the population of the republic is about 3 million, this does not prevent people from speaking in different languages. No problem you can find newspapers and books in Polish, Russian, English. On this basis, acute conflict does not arise.
The old cities of Lithuania are very popular among tourists.
Kaunas, Vilnius, Trakai and other cities contain the spirit of the brave Middle Ages. Due to the fact that the state supports the preservation of important historical monuments, these cities include dozens of original castles, in which the rulers lived during the time of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
Lithuanian nature deserves applause. Due to the special climate in it you can observe a large variety of living beings.
Naturally, the government of the republic is interested in maintaining tourist attractiveness, as this is a significant source of income.This is connected with the fact that almost every picturesque corner is a park or a reserve.
Incredibly, there are about 3000 lakes in small Lithuania. They are all so transparent that you can see the bottom. Due to this, they inhabit 60 different species of fish.
You can take an example
Lithuanians have taught since childhood to love and respect their culture. Therefore, it is easy enough to find various shops that sell items of ancient life, as well as products made of amber. They can be called a business card of this country and the most popular souvenirs for tourists. Everyone who has visited this country will certainly buy amazing items for themselves as a souvenir.
One can learn from this republic the right attitude to the world around us, art, and also careful attitude to historical and spiritual values.
Let's talk about Latvia
The history of the Baltic countries, such as Lithuania and Latvia, is very similar. After the Second World War, Latvia went to the USSR and became one of its republics. At that time, the Soviet Union was actively developing industry in this Baltic country. But, as in the case of Lithuania, in 1991 the republic seceded from the USSR and was recognized as independent.
In 2004, Latvia joined NATO and the European Union. Thus, the borders of the North Atlantic Alliance came very close to Russia, which often causes discontent on its part.
On this basis, there is a direct tension, which is not yet resolved.
Due to Latvia’s accession to the European Union since 2004, trade relations with other member countries have been growing at a significant pace. The main partners are Germany, England and Sweden.
No own deposits of energy resources
Which Baltic countries can boast of energy independence? None Similar to Lithuania, Latvia is completely dependent on external supplies of such raw materials as oil and gas.
Most of the GDP is service provision (about 70%). In second place is industry (25%). The rest is in agriculture.
Latvia is rightfully considered a place where scientific progress and historical values are skillfully combined. For example, the capital of Latvia, Riga, was recognized in 2014 as the European Capital of Culture. Old architecture, museums and much more are an integral part of the culture, which has been preserved for many centuries.
Virgin nature of Latvia
It is hard to believe, but about half of the territory of this republic is occupied by nature, which has never been touched by human hands. Imagine how this is possible in the modern world?
This and other features of Latvian culture have played a significant role in the fact that many tourists of a wide variety of views and tastes prefer to come here. A very large mass of them are guests from the countries of the former Soviet Union.
For example, until recently many Russian festivals and concerts, KVN and other entertainment events were held in the territory of Latvia.
But lately, relations between Riga and Moscow have deteriorated sharply, which has affected the further interaction between the two countries.
Despite the developing economy, there is a rather high level of unemployment in the country - about 15%. In addition, for the rapid achievement of the level of development of other countries, members of the Eurozone, it is necessary to introduce a more moderate investment policy.
After all, if it is not so much to restrain the flow of investments in the economy from abroad, then new jobs will appear and GDP will increase.
So we got to the third Baltic country. The third one, of course, in a row, and not in any positions, is somewhat better than the others, but inferior in some things.
This republic was also part of the former USSR. And in it poured a fairly large amount of investment. Due to this, it had the best prerequisites for the transition to new markets after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Since 1992, Estonia has chosen a priority path for European development and has begun to turn away from any interactions with Moscow, while maintaining warm relations.
Loans and external loans worth hundreds of millions of dollars have contributed to the rapid transition to a market economy. In addition, European countries returned to Estonia the funds that had been frozen in them since the republic joined the Soviet Union in the 40s of the 20th century.
The global financial crisis has greatly affected the economy of Estonia
Just five years after 2000, the country's GDP increased by half. However, the global financial crisis did not spare Estonia and increased the unemployment rate from 5 to 15%. For the same reason, in 2009 the level of industrial production fell by more than 70%.
Estonia is a fairly active member of NATO and participates in most peacekeeping operations, for example, in Iraq and Afghanistan.
It is hard to believe, but one country combines the cultures of Latvia, Finland, Russia, Lithuania, Belarus, Sweden, as well as other countries. This is due to the fact that at the time the rulers chose one or another vector of development.
Estonia can be proud of its desire to modernize all processes. Already since 2000, it was possible to report on taxes in electronic form. Since 2008, all meetings of the Cabinet of Ministers are not recorded in paper form - everything happens in electronic form.
Continuous introduction of new information technologies
Imagine - more than 78% of the population uses the Internet. This indicator is one of the best in all of Europe. In the world in terms of information technology development ranks 24th in the ranking of 142 countries.
In this regard, Estonians really have something to be proud of.
Despite the massive computerization, spiritual values, as well as the preservation of the surrounding nature are also priorities in the development of this country.Particularly noteworthy is the national cuisine, which is distinguished by the so-called peasant spirit from the past.
Baltic countries - a small and beautiful corner of the planet Earth
You can learn a lot from three small countries. Despite the fact that they are completely energy dependent on other states, they managed to make a significant breakthrough in their development in comparison with other countries that gained independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
At the same time, they try to preserve historical and cultural values. Due to this, they are rightfully considered one of the best cultural centers in Europe.
So, the Baltic countries are what countries, how have they developed and how do they live? We hope this article was useful for you, and you were able to find all the necessary answers regarding the history, development and current situation of these states in the world political and economic arena.