Biography of Yesenin: interesting facts of life
The work of Sergei Alexandrovich Yesenin is familiar and beloved by more than one generation in our country. Silent lyrical sadness, love for the Motherland, an aching longing for peasant, bastard Rus are a red thread in all the works of this great Russian poet of the early twentieth century.
The poems "Birch", "Golden Grove dissuaded ...", "Letter to Mother", "Give, Jim, for good luck paw me ...", "We are now leaving a little ..." and many others are familiar to us from school, on verses Yesenin has written a lot of songs. They teach us kindness, sympathy for our neighbors, love for our native side, elevate and inspire us.
The life of S. A. Yesenin was tragically cut short at a young age, at the peak of creative power and popularity. But his beautiful works will forever remain the spiritual heritage that is the national treasure of Russia.
Recognizing the biography of Yesenin, interesting facts from the life of the poet, we plunge into the era of young Soviet Russia,which was characterized by numerous disagreements in the society of that time and, perhaps, was the cause of his early departure from life.
Nugget from the Russian hinterland
Sergey Yesenin was born on September 21 (October 3 in the modern style) in 1895 in p. Konstantinovo Ryazan Province, in a simple peasant family.
Since the father of S. A. Yesenin was almost always in Moscow, working there in the shop, and occasionally visited the village, Yesenin was brought up by his grandfather and maternal grandmother and three uncles (mother’s brothers). Serezha's mother from his two years old left for work in Ryazan.
Yesenin's grandfather, Fyodor Titov, knew church books well, and his grandmother, Natalya Titova, was an excellent storyteller of fairy tales, sang many songs and ditties, as the poet himself later admitted, it was she who gave impetus to writing the first verses.
By the age of five, the boy had learned to read, and in 1904, at the age of nine, he was sent to the village school. After studying for five years, he graduated with honors from college. Then, in 1909 and until 1912, teenager Sergey Yesenin continued his studies at the parochial school in the village of Spas-Klepiki, receiving the specialty “school teacher of diploma”.
First steps in a creative way
In 1912, after graduating from the Spaso-Klepikovskaya school, S. A. Yesenin worked briefly in Moscow with his father in a butcher shop. After leaving the shop and working in a printing house, Yesenin meets a future common-law wife, Anna Izryadnova, who bore him a son. Then Yesenin becomes a member of the Surikovsky circle of literature and music.
In 1913, S. A. Yesenin became a volunteer at the Faculty of History and Philosophy of the Moscow City University named after Shanyavsky. There is an interesting fact about Yesenin that during this period he closely communicated with the revolutionary-minded workers, which explains the police’s interest in his personality.
In 1914, his works were first published in the journal Mirok, the first collection of poems was published in 1916 and is called Radunitsa. In 1915, Yesenin parted with Izryadnova and left for Petrograd, meeting there Russian symbolist poets, and in particular A. Blok. Life in Petrograd brought him fame and recognition, his poems then began to be published in many publications.
War and revolution
In early 1916, Yesenin was drafted into the army and served as an orderly at the Tsarskoye Selo military-sanitary train under the empress.But despite a close acquaintance with the royal family, Yesenin falls into the disciplinary part, as he refused to write a verse in honor of the king. In 1917, the poet voluntarily left the army and joined the Social Revolutionaries, as he himself said, not as a party, but as a poet.
The events of the revolution rapidly captured the passionate nature of the poet. With all my heart, accepting it, Yesenin creates his revolutionary works, “Father,” “Oktoih,” “The Jordanian Pigeon,” “Inonia,” and others.
In 1917, S. A. Yesenin met and fell in love with Zinaida Reich. In the official marriage they had a daughter Tatyana and a son Konstantin. But three years later, the marriage broke up due to the poet’s man’s love nature.
In 1918, the poet leaves for Moscow, his life is filled with the changes brought about by the revolution: famine, ruin and terror parade in the country, peasant life is crumbling, and poetic salons are filled with a motley lit-literary public.
Imaginism and Isadora
In 1919, Yesenin, together with A. B. Mariengof and V. G. Shershenevich, became the founder of imagism, a movement whose essence is figurativeness and metaphor in the created works. Yesenin takes an active part in the organization of the Imaginist literary publishing house and the cafe "Stall Pegasus".
But soon the pretentious metaphors bore him, because his soul still lies in the old ways of the Russian countryside. In 1924, Yesenin ceases all relations with Imaginists.
In 1921, the American dancer Isadora Duncan arrives in Moscow, who six months later will become the wife of Yesenin. After the wedding, the newlyweds went on a trip to Europe, and then to America, where Yesenin lived for 4 months.
In this world tour, the poet often brawled, behaved outrageously, drank a lot, a couple often made a row, although they spoke different languages. Having lived a little more than a year, they part after returning to Russia.
last years of life
In 1923-1924 Yesenin continues to travel a lot around the country, having been in Central Asia, the Caucasus, Murmansk and Solovki. He visits his native village Konstantinovo many times, lives in Leningrad or in Moscow.
During this period, collections of the poet “Poems the Brawler” and “Moscow Kabatskaya”, “Persian Motifs” are published. In search of himself, Yesenin continues to drink heavily, often severe depression sets about him.
In 1925, Yesenin marries a granddaughter of Leo Tolstoy - Sophia Andreevna. This union lasted only a few months.In November 1925, against the background of severe physical and moral condition, and possibly to protect him from arrest, S. A. Tolstaya assigned him to the Moscow Psycho-Neurological Clinic.
Yesenin is completing a two-year work on one of his latest works, The Black Man, in which he presents his entire past life as a nightmare.
Having spent about a month in the clinic, the poet runs away to Leningrad and on December 24th stays in the room of the Angleter Hotel. On the night of December 27-28, a poet who committed suicide and his last poem “Good-bye, my friend, good-bye ...” is found in the room in his room.
Interesting facts from the life of Yesenin
There are other interesting things about the Russian poet:
- Uncle Yesenin - adult single sons of the grandmother and grandfather - had a cheerful, playful temper, often mischievous and in their own way, using rather specific methods, brought up the boy. So, for the first time having planted three-year-old Seryozhu on a bareback, they started the horse at a gallop. And the boy was taught to swim in the same way - they traveled to the middle of the lake in a boat and threw them into the water. But at the age of eight, as Sergey Yesenin later recalled interesting facts from childhood, at the request of a neighbor, he swam instead of a hunting dog, picking up wounded ducks.
- The boy writes the first verses at the age of 8-9 years. Poems are simple, unpretentious and resemble the style of ditties.
- Instead of four years of study in the district school due to bad behavior, Seryozha is left for the second year. This interesting fact about Yesenin speaks of his rebellious character, manifested in adolescence.
- Verse "Birch" - the first printed work of the poet.
- The poet does not get to the front, perhaps due to such an interesting fact about Yesenin that in the spring of 1916 the Empress Alexandra Fedorovna herself listened to his poems. The poet even traveled to the Crimea with the royal couple.
- In 1918, Yesenin promised to get the paper, which was in acute shortage at that time, for his friends from the publishing house “Labor Artel of Word Artists”. For this, he, dressed in the clothes of a peasant, went straight to the Presidium of the Moscow Council, where the paper was given out for the needs of "peasant poets."
- The poem “A Letter to a Woman” Yesenin dedicated to Zinaida Reich. After her marriage with Yesenin, she married theater director V. E. Meyerhold, who adopted her son and daughter Yesenin.
- Isadora Duncan - the third wife of A.S.Yesenin - was older than him by 18 years. In marriage, they combined their surnames, signing both Duncan-Yesenin.
- An interesting fact about Esenin and Mayakovsky is that they were eternal opponents and criticized each other's work. However, this did not prevent them from recognizing the talent of another for their eyes.
- After writing the poem The Country of Rogues, where Yesenin impartially wrote about the Soviet power, persecution begins in newspapers, accusations of drunkenness, debauchery, etc. Yesenin even had to hide from prosecution in one of his trips to the Caucasus.
- The death of the poet has become one of the greatest secrets of the twentieth century. Yesenin's corpse was found hanging at a height of three meters. According to one of the versions, they decided to remove him as disagreeable to the Soviet regime. And he wrote poems in blood in connection with the lack of ink.
Summing up, we can say that Yesenin’s life, biography and interesting facts are proof that a large-scale personality cannot be sharpened in any framework and limited to political regimes. Sergey Yesenin is a great Russian poet who, in his individual, unique creativity, glorifies the Russian soul, such a passionate, vulnerable, rebellious and open-minded.