Cumin ordinary: the benefits and harm to the body
Cumin ordinary is widely used in folk medicine, in cooking of various nations. He has many useful properties. The article tells about the plant cumin ordinary. A description of prescriptions for treating certain diseases can also be found here. Each reader will be able to learn from the publication a lot of interesting. The article reveals issues such as the use of the plant cumin, beneficial properties and contraindications to use, possible harm to the body.
Cumin ordinary - biennial plant belonging to the umbrella family. Full-fledged stems form only in the second year. Inflorescences of caraway are complex umbrellas. This species has a great variety of names. Here are just a few of them: anise, cumin, goanba, goats, kimin, cmin and others. Cumin grows in Europe, India and Pakistan and is grown as a seasoning throughout the world. If we talk about Russia, then in the wild state this species can be found in Siberia, in the Far East and in the Caucasus.Straight cumin stems reach a height of 70 cm and begin to branch only in the upper part. The flowers are collected in inflorescences, they are small and painted white, less often in pink. You can see them in the middle of summer - from June to July. The fruits ripen by August, with the stems gradually dries out. Places where the plant is actively cultivated - Voronezh region and Ukraine. Agronomists and botanists call the fruit of cumin an oblate seed. And now we proceed directly to the description of the chemical composition of the plant cumin, the benefits and harms of which are due precisely to the compounds contained in it.
Chemical composition of the plant
Cumin, the benefits and harms of which are discussed below, contains many substances. Its fruits contain up to 7% of essential and up to 22% of fatty oils, as well as about 23% of protein. Other substances include:
What compounds are part of the essential oil of cumin? The main one, which takes up to 60% of the volume - carvon. Other substances are limonene, carvacrol (it is he who gives cumin its specific spicy flavor), cymon, various esters, alcohols.Cumin roots are rich in ascorbic acid and carbohydrates. Of the macronutrients in the seeds are potassium, calcium, iron and manganese. Trace elements are magnesium, zinc, molybdenum, chromium, copper, barium, vanadium and some others. The cells of the fruit are able to accumulate selenium. The fruits of caraway seeds also contain resins, mineral salts, pigments and wax. Nectar inflorescences liked bees: cumin - an excellent honey plant.
Cumin is used in cooking. Interestingly, not only plant seeds are used for this purpose. For example, leaves and even stalks of caraway seeds are used as seasoning for meat and fish dishes. They are suitable for adding to salads. And its fruits wherever they are not used - both in baking bakery products, in confectionery production, in home baking, and in canning. Very tasty bread made from rye flour with the addition of anise. And how good is the spiced or marinated herring with cumin! Salt for the future with the addition of anise seeds also Hamsa and small fish sprat.
And tell me, who does not know about anisette? Her in the film "Ivan Vasilyevich changes his profession" respectedTsar Ivan the Terrible himself! Cumin was also useful in the distillery production in the manufacture of many strong drinks.
I suggest you try a few recipes with the seeds of this spicy plant. Cumin is ideal as a seasoning for potato dishes. Knowledgeable housewives add it to sauerkraut. Using crushed cumin is often more convenient, but take one piece of advice. Never buy anise in powder, because the violation of the integrity of the seed coat leads to the evaporation of most essential substances, and you get less than half of the aroma expected from the spice. Therefore, purchase only whole seeds and grind them just before adding to the dish.
Homemade cheese with cumin
To make cheese you need to take 1 liter of full-fat milk, 250 g sour cream, half a teaspoon of cumin, four eggs and soy sauce. Pour the milk into an enamel saucepan and bring to a boil. Then pour into it a mixture of sour cream and eggs, soy sauce (2-3 tablespoons). Reduce heat and cook, stirring constantly with a wooden (!) Spoon. When flakes are formed, add the cumin and leave on the stove for another 5 minutes to get soft cheese and 15 minutes to make the product more dense.After that, remove the pan from the heat and strain the contents through a sieve. Future cheese put in a cup and press down with a load. After a day he is ready to eat. It turns out very tasty.
Fragrant tea with cumin
This recipe to ugliness is simple. It is necessary to grind dried cumin and mix it with tea brewing. To taste, you can add dry lemon zest, rose hips or mint. In general, all that your soul desires. Such tea with the addition of cinnamon is an excellent option for a warming drink. Brewing the mixture is recommended in a clay kettle. This preserves the richness of the aroma and the full taste of tea.
Nature has given man a huge amount of healing plants. Cumin ordinary, the use of which benefits not only gourmets, but also people who wish to recover from a particular disease - a vivid example. Medicinal properties of cumin are due to the composition of its essential oil. It is a great antiseptic and effective in combating helminthic invasions. Anise improves digestion, promotes the development of bile. Cumin is just a finding for the health of the gastrointestinal tract,because it inhibits the processes of fermentation and rotting in the intestines, helps with flatulence, activates the secretion of digestive juices. It will also help with spastic stomach pain, as it has a relaxing effect on its muscles. It can be used as a gentle laxative.
In pharmacies you can find choleretic fees, which include cumin seeds. They are used to treat urolithiasis, as well as in pathologies of the urinary tract. The healing properties of anise can be enumerated indefinitely: it increases appetite, is useful in various cardiovascular diseases, is effective in atony, reduces headache, and is recommended for diseases of the respiratory organs, in particular, in pneumonia and bronchitis, it is prescribed to nursing mothers for lactation.
As you can see, cumin has a fairly wide range of healing effects. Useful properties and contraindications for the use of plants will help you to determine for what purpose you can use it.
The plant helps not only people. Cumin has also been used in veterinary medicine: colic and flatulence in animals are treated with infusion.While sowing clover, a small amount of anise seeds is mixed in with it so that the cattle receive fresh stalks and leaves of this valuable plant. However, for birds the fruits of cumin are poisonous, so do not try to feed them your parrot or canary.
Cumin and Diabetes
Anise fruits have the unique ability to lower blood sugar levels. This fact has been proven by experimental studies of American scientists. The fact is that the substances in the seeds of cumin, are involved in the development of prostaglandin, and he, in turn, increases the action of insulin in the process of metabolism. The use of anise can cause a very sharp decrease in blood sugar levels, so use its anti-diabetic properties under the supervision of your doctor. The use of cumin infusions reduces the risk of vascular disease and restores the damaged nervous structures of the body.
Cumin and tumors
The plant regulates the state of the immune system, preventing the development of significant disorders. This property of cumin is due to its timocinone. The disruption of immune reactions entails not only regularoverwork, weakness, susceptibility to various infectious diseases, dermatological ailments, but also the development of tumors. Therefore, often brew tea with cumin for cancer prevention.
Not only benefits brings cumin. The harm of this plant should be known to everyone. Cumin may be the most dangerous because of its allergenic qualities. This is due to the substances of the essential oil. There are people in whom the anise can cause the strongest allergic reaction. Important! If, after consuming any product or dish with cumin, you feel that it has become difficult to breathe, you have nasopharyngeal swelling or a skin rash, you should immediately consult a doctor. Immediately take any antihistamine drug, for example, "Suprastin". This will help relieve the symptoms of allergies before the ambulance arrives. Cumin is contraindicated in case of increased acidity, various inflammations of the digestive system, as well as during pregnancy, as it can cause heartburn. Do not combine cumin with acidic foods, for example, with unsweetened fruits - this will increase the acidity of the stomach environment.
And a couple of words
Cumin is successfully used in cosmetology. Its oil is great for massage and helps in the fight against stretch marks and skin lethargy. Prepare anise decoction lotion - it will be a good remedy for combination and oily skin. Wipe the face with the product every morning. If your hair is prone to fat, use this decoction during the last rinse. Cumin, or rather, its oil has long been used in soap making. The place of honor is occupied by this spice in Chinese and Indian medicine.