Diabetic Foot: Symptoms and Classification
Diabetic foot, the symptoms of which we will describe inThis article is a syndrome caused by an elevated level of sugar in the blood. With lesions of the pancreas, this level is so high that it starts to have a toxic effect on tissues and organs.Diabetic foot, the symptoms of which wewe list below, manifests itself as a lesion not only of the skin, but also of the vessels, nerves, muscles, and even (in neglected cases) bones. Why does the pathological level of glucose affect so precisely the lower limbs? Because of the distance from the heart, the legs are worse than the blood. Diabetics gradually lose the sensitivity of nerve endings and may not notice minor skin lesions. And where there are problems with healing, there is a diabetic foot. Symptoms of this syndrome should be known to everyone who has problems with the pancreas. Otherwise, you can skip the first stages of the disease.
Diabetic foot. Symptoms that appear in the beginning
Closely inspect your legs every day,taking a shower or bath. First you need to be afraid of the so-called "small problems" of feet. These are the symptoms that do not have severe severity. Perhaps the patient will seem that they can even be neglected. But with diabetes, this is unacceptable.Otherwise they will become serious lesions and leadto ill-treatable consequences. Ingrown fingernails also torment those people who do not suffer from diabetes. This is a very common problem - it occurs due to improper cutting of the corners, wearing shoes not in size. Diabetics should especially closely monitor the comfort and hygiene of the feet. Also, close shoes often provoke darkening of the nails - this is the result of hemodial hemorrhage. This may indicate the initial stage of the diabetic foot. Stop wearing shoes not in size, visit an orthopedic surgeon and, if the hemorrhage has passed into a suppuration, consult a surgeon. Fungal lesions, corns and calluses also have a complicated course with diabetes and can provoke the formation of ulcers. Remember that you do not need to steam your feet in very hot water or use traumatic means to remove calluses.
Education of diabetic ulcers
The process of transformation of a small wound intoa complete ulcer can pass unnoticed. Symptoms of it, especially for people with poor eyesight, may be mild. Constantly formed cracks in the heels, a fungus that is difficult to get rid of, deformation of the fingers - all this may indicate that the patient develops a diabetic foot.Photos with huge awesome ulcers most oftenillustrate already late stages of the disease. If untreated, gangrene may develop. This is the most severe form of the disease, arising against a background of severe circulatory disorders.
Classification of the diabetic foot
There are three forms of the syndrome described by us:neuropathic, ischemic and mixed. At the first it is found out a strong dryness. Sometimes diaper rash. Often there is a stage of the so-called "pryazyva". Ischemic foot is characterized by coldness of the skin. The finiteness is bluish, the sensitivity is often preserved. Mixed form is often the most dangerous. With her pain is poorly expressed and diagnosis is difficult.