Endocervicosis of the cervix
Endocervicosis of the cervix is a conditionmovement of the mucous membrane of the cervical canal to the vaginal cervical region of the uterus. The reasons for the development of this pathology have not been fully established to the present day. Among women, this disease is better known as ectopia or pseudo-erosion. This disease refers to background diseases, after which in some cases a malignant tumor develops.
Endocervical cervix in simple formcharacterized by the presence of glandular structures that do not show signs of increased education. Proliferating forms differ in neoplasm of glandular structures. This indicates a progressive current. Glandular pseudo-erosion is characterized by the presence of glandular formations in the underlying stroma. In this case, inflammatory infiltration is often observed around them.
Endocervicosis of the cervix is characterized bya violation in the integrity and changes in the epithelial cover of the cervix. When viewed using mirrors, areas of bright red color surrounding the outer yawn are identified.
Endocervicosis of the cervix can arisedue to inflammatory disease (usually viral) in her, trauma, through the use of chemical or barrier contraceptives, or result from improper syringing.
Clinical manifestations of the disease includedevelopment of pseudo-erosion, characterized by an increase in secret epithelium, extending to the outer region of the cervix. This phenomenon, as a rule, accompanies an unstable hormonal background during puberty. Ectopy refers to background (benign) conditions that do not carry the threat of complications.
However, in many cases, the development of the disease is accompanied by a number of complications.
The formation of ectopy increases the risk of penetration of gonococci, chlamydia, herpes simplex virus. This is due to the lack of protective function in the secretory epithelium.
In addition, an acidic environment in the vaginapromotes the development of the process of "self-healing" of ectopy, in which the replacement of multilayered flat epithelium secretory occurs. However, it should be noted that the flow of this complex multistage process is not benign in some cases. Healing ectopia is a favorite site for the papilloma virus. Sexually transmitted, it provokes the development of various diseases of the cervix (from genital warts to pre-cancer and cancer).
To better diagnose the diseasehistological and cytological examination is used. The histological method involves cutting off a small area of damaged epithelium and examining it for malignant degeneration. When a cytological examination, smears are taken and studied under a microscope. To finalize the diagnosis and select a therapeutic course, a biopsy is used.
Endocervical cervix: treatment
Therapy is performed on an outpatient basis. Methods of treatment are appointed by a gynecologist. Among the most effective therapeutic methods, the following methods are distinguished.
The traditional way is to cauterize(diathermocoagulation) using elevated temperatures. Today, this method, as a rule, is applied to delivering patients who have benign ectopic. After this type of therapy, the cervix can lose its elasticity. This, in turn, has an adverse effect on future births.
Cryodestruction is a method of influencingpathological sites with liquid gas. The disadvantages of this method include the possible lack of freezing tissue, which leads to incomplete death of the affected cells.
For patients diagnosed with thisdisease (including chronic endocervicosis), surgical laser therapy may be prescribed. It should be noted that this method of exposure is the most effective and modern of all methods. With its use it is ensured the brewing of vessels of even the smallest caliber, preservation of the integrity of healthy tissues and high accuracy of the cut.