Favorite childhood machine
The citizens who found the Soviet Union, not only the elderly, but also the young, still remember the soda machines, which stood on several pieces in the streets with high traffic, next to cinemas and other public places. To drink sparkling water, it was necessary only to lower the coin into the slot and press the button.
Machines poured water of two types: simple soda and gas inlet with syrup. For one penny, the machine poured simple sparkling water, and for three pennies - sweet
Apparatus for Smolny
The first mention of the soda water machine in the Soviet press dates back to 1932. The newspaper "Evening Moscow" wrote that "the worker of the Leningrad plant" Vienna "Agroshkin invented an interesting machine. Now, in each store, through this apparatus, it is possible to establish the production of soda water. ”
A device for bottling soda was named saturator. The first saturator was installed in the dining room of Smolny.
However, massively popular favorite machines for the sale of carbonated water were installed in the cities of the USSR after the Great Patriotic War.
The surge of automated trade in soda in the USSR is celebrated with the coming to power of Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev. According to one version, it was connected with his trip to the USA.
A glass for three
Over the decades of its existence, the Soviet soda water machines changed shape, color, and functions, but were always popular with the population.
Among the advantages of such devices can be noted their cheapness, as well as the fact that they were placed in many different places, so you could find such a device and quench your thirst in almost any store, train station and park.
In addition, there was a GOST for the syrup that was poured into the apparatus, thanks to which all the inhabitants of the Soviet Union enjoyed delicious soda. The syrup consisted of sugar, lemon juice, and extracts of various herbs. There were practically no preservatives in it.
But among the shortcomings of these machines was excessive gullibility. Machines periodically gave out water to scammers for free.There were many ways to deceive, but the fist was considered the simplest and most widespread, which always ended with the issuance of syrup. Well, for the drinkers, another important “advantage” of the automata was the presence of “homeless” faceted glasses in them, which they constantly borrowed in order to “figure out for three”.
Mug on a chain
In the 70s of the last century, because of their popularity, they began to install automatic soda machines for workers in factories and enterprises.
In hot workshops, salt was added to the water to retain moisture in the body. For this there was a special model of saturator. She did not have a coin receiving mechanism, but only three buttons of choice: "water", "carbonated water" and "a portion of salt". The latter added a small portion of table salt to the glass to compensate for its loss by the body through sweat.
Often, instead of a glass in the shop machines, stainless steel cups were put, and they were fastened to a chain. Even among ideologically savvy proletarians, from time to time there were those who tyril “ownerless” glasses.
Competition devices gas-water sellers were soda.In the 70s of the last century, an approximate parity was established between the manual and automatic form of soda filling. Each had its pros and cons. Interestingly, a glass of "clean" soda and the seller and the machine cost the same - one penny, but a glass of water with syrup from the seller was a whole penny more expensive. True, and syrup poured a little more. In addition, for 7 kopecks you could drink a delicious drink "with double syrup". Another advantage of the manual mode was the lack of problems with the exchange and surrender.
They had their undoubted advantages, as we have already said, and automatic gas-fired machines. The most important of them was the possibility of using instead of a coin a round metal “stamping” of size and weight similar to “three”. Such kruglyashi could be found on the territory of Vtorchermetov, where enterprises brought scrap.
It was also possible to deceive the machine by lowering three kopecks on a coin into the coin acceptor, threaded through a hole specially drilled for this.
In addition, if you hit the machine in a certain place (just below the coin acceptor), then sometimes he could “return” other people's coins, which was a great success ...
However, this was not a game with only one goal. Often the machine “ate” money without giving out a single drop of life-giving moisture. Sometimes the syrup ended in the machine, and then he poured “clean” water on three kopecks “meanly”.
With his glass
There is an opinion that one of the reasons for the disappearance of automata with faceted glasses in the early 90s was unsanitary conditions. Before use, each person washed the glass using the same machine and it did not suit many. Some Soviet citizens were afraid to pick up some infection from the glass and they denied themselves the pleasure of drinking soda. Others carried folding plastic cups with them.
In fact, the main reason for the disappearance of automata was that during the collapse of the USSR, the sale of gas feeds was no longer profitable. Maintenance of the machines was quite expensive.
Now in some expensive supermarkets you can find modern machines with a digital scoreboard and plastic cups. The idea to install soda fountains, stylized as Soviet ones, has been continued.
Than quench your thirst
In addition to soda, in the Soviet Union it was possible to buy a glass of juice for bottling in most food stores. Juice cost 7-10-12 kopecks, and could be tomato, apple, birch or grape.Tomato - the most popular and, perhaps, the most delicious. For 20 kopeks, tangerine juice was sold - the most expensive.
There were drinking fountains everywhere in the parks, and Acidophilus, Snowball and compotes were poured in children at schools.
Often, Soviet citizens made lemonade at home with the help of a siphon into which a cartridge of carbon dioxide was inserted. Syrup for such devices was sold in bottles and three-liter jars. It was enough for a lot of liters of soda. Well, and fans could experiment to buy in the toy store a set of “Young Chemist” with recipes for homemade lemonade, which included soda, citric acid, and something else.