Feed the baby correctly, or When to introduce complementary feeding in breastfeeding
Lure - this is the food that the baby is offeringwhen he reaches a certain age. The products introduced supplement the breast milk, allowing the child's body to obtain a larger range of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. In the first year of life, it is very important to form a correct and balanced diet, since it is during this period that the foundation of the child's health is laid. All parents are concerned with the question of when to introduce complementary feeding during breastfeeding, what products to offer the child, according to which scheme. In this article we will try to answer all these important questions.
When to introduce complementary feeding during breastfeeding: the menu of a six-month-old baby
Russian pediatricians recommend the introduction of the firstlure a child who is breastfeeding when he reaches six months of age. It is by the end of the first half of the year that he develops a willingness to take a different, in addition to milk, food. The pushing reflex of the tongue ceases to function in the child, that is, the baby can swallow something edible offered on the spoon. By this time, the baby learns to sit, lean towards the spoon and deflect the body, showing reluctance to eat. In general, the child becomes more active and mobile, so his activities begin to require a more serious "recharge". Six-month-olds already show interest in food: they watch the meal of their parents and are willing to try their food. It is believed that breast milk at 6 months of age ceases to meet 100% of the needs of a growing organism. Nevertheless, even if you mark your child's several signs of readiness for testing new products, you should discuss the beginning of complementary feeding with breastfeeding with a pediatrician. It is the doctor who will tell you which product will suit your first child for the first meal, and when it is necessary to start enriching the baby's diet. So, we examined when to introduce complementary feeding during breastfeeding is most optimal. Six months is the age, which, according to the Union of Pediatricians of Russia, is most suitable for introducing the product of the first complementary foods. Nevertheless, all children are individual, and your expert will tell you more exact time for testing new food.
When to introduce complementary feeding with breastfeeding and how? Basic rules for familiarizing the child with a new product
At the sixth month of life the baby is fed 5 times inday, keeping between meals intervals of 3.5 hours. The night break is 10 hours. The first lure is desirable to offer at lunch (12-13 hours), or at a time other than the morning and evening. A new product is offered before breastfeeding, this increases the chances that the baby will become interested in food and swallow it with great enthusiasm. Begin to feed from a very small dose - half a teaspoon of porridge or vegetable puree. And within the next 10 days gradually bring the dose to the required volume for the child (about 150 g). For the introduction of food is to buy a special soft silicone spoon, reducing the likelihood of accidental injury to the oral cavity crumbs. To offer food is very carefully and patiently, in no case should you exert pressure, insist and force the baby. After you have succeeded in introducing one product, begin to "dilute" it with a new kind of vegetable or cereal. For example, you can start feeding with mashed potatoes, after 10 days, add half a spoon of cauliflower puree to it. And gradually increase the amount of cauliflower, while reducing the volume of mashed potatoes. A little later, vegetables can be added vegetable oil - olive, sunflower, etc.
The scheme of complementary feeding in breastfeeding, recommended by Russian pediatricians
There are two main ways of introducing complementary foods:
- the beginning of complementary feeding with monocomponent gluten-free cereals in water - rice, buckwheat, corn;
- the beginning of complementary foods with puree from a vegetable of one kind (green or white color) - zucchini, cauliflower, peas, broccoli, string beans.
Introduction of vegetables is advised to start for a child withsigns of rickets, food allergies, anemia. Children with a small body weight, as well as often belching babies as a first product of complementary foods, can be offered porridge. It's worth remembering that all the porridges are prepared on the water, or using breast milk. Whole cow milk is not advisable to use until the age of eight months. Ready-made cereals are a good alternative to self-cooking. They are made from high-quality raw materials and are enriched with various vitamins and microelements. In the first time the porridge is bred to a very liquid state, and then gradually make it thicker, leading to the consistency of liquid sour cream. Gradually you can add butter to it.
When to introduce complementary feeding during breastfeeding: the seven-month-old baby's menu
After acquaintance with the first type of products, you canmove on to expanding the diet. The next step will be the formation of the prototype of "breakfast" - replacing the ten-hour feeding with other products, except breast milk. If at first you fed the child with vegetables for lunch, then now the queue is porridge. The choice of the first cereal depends on your child: if the baby is prone to constipation, it is advisable to start with buckwheat if there is a diathesis - with rice or corn. Porridges are administered in exactly the same way as vegetables: starting with half a teaspoon for breakfast and gradually bringing the portion volume up to 150 g. If the first meal is porridge, at 7 months the baby needs to be offered vegetables. Also at this time, the yolk is introduced (the chicken egg is boiled hard). Begin the introduction of yolks from several grains, bringing the total volume of the product to 1 pc. twice a week. Yolk can be grinded with breast milk or mixed with porridge or vegetable puree.
How and when to introduce complementary feeding during breastfeeding? Meat and dairy products
At the eighth month of life it's time to introduceyour child with meat products. Meat puree is offered by analogy with porridges and vegetables, starting with 1/2 teaspoon, during a week the volume is brought up to 40-50 g. All meat dishes should be finely chopped so that the baby can easily swallow them and not choke. A good alternative to home cooking are industrial monocomponent canned meat - without salt, spices and other unnecessary additives. For the first acquaintance with meat, beef, turkey, rabbit will suit. So, the introduction of any product is carried out according to one scheme. At first the baby is offered a very small amount of food, his reaction is carefully monitored. If everything goes well, the volume of food is gradually increased. After the introduction of cereals, vegetables and meat in the diet of the child from the 9th month of life, start to include sour-milk products (cottage cheese, yogurt) and bakery products. And from the 10th month - fruit purees and juices (apple, pear, plum, etc.). At 11 months of life, you can offer the child a fish. Thus, by the year a full-fledged ration and a diet are formed, and the baby is attached to adult food, eating variedly and qualitatively.