General information about the country: the area of ​​France, geographical location and population

France is a powerful, economically developed republic located in Europe. Since 1871, this country has been democratic, the head of government is the president.

Square of France in square meters. km second only to Ukraine. Among the French Republic - the largest state.

The relief of this country is diverse: the Pyrenees and the Alps stretch from the south-west to the south-east, plains lie in the west and north of the country, and the middle plateau and medium-high mountains are located.square france

The total area of ​​France is 643.4 thousand km². The population is 66.8 million people.

Economic and geographical position

The official name of the country is the French Republic. It is located in Western Europe and borders with countries such as Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Germany, Luxembourg, Belgium, Spain, Andorra.

The relief of the state is quite diverse.Mountains and hills are characteristic of the central part. From the south-east to the south-west stretch high mountains: the Pyrenees and the Alps. In the north and west of the country are plains: Landes, the Paris basin, as well as the Languedoc and Rhone lowlands.

square france in sq km

Despite the diversity of geological structure and topography, the country is not rich in mineral resources, especially fuel. Therefore, uranium ore reserves on the Central Massif and the energy resources of the mountain rivers, the Rhone and its alpine tributaries are of great importance.

The total area of ​​France, its mainland, is equal to 547 thousand km ². Accordingly, the area of ​​the islands is 96.4 thousand km². France is the largest state in the European Union. It includes the island of Corsica. It is located in the Mediterranean. France has overseas departments, of which there are about 25.

General information

The total area of ​​France is 643.4 thousand km² - this, together with the islands.

The maximum distance between its extreme points is 1000 km.

The French coast is washed by the North and Mediterranean Seas, the Bay of Biscay, the English Channel, the Pas-de-Calais and the Atlantic Ocean.

The country of France is divided into 22 provinces, the capital of the republic is Paris.Previously, the city was concentrated all the power of the state, but now the provinces of the country have become more independent, so they have a significant impact on overall governance.France area of ​​the territory

France is among the leading countries playing an important role in the economy of the whole world, culture and science. She is a permanent member of the UN Security Council (has nuclear weapons), a member of all key pan-European organizations.

France is the third country in the world after Russia and the United States to contribute to the exploration of outer space.

The cities of this country are the headquarters of influential international organizations and their structural subdivisions - UNESCO (Paris), European Parliament (Strasbourg), and others. Important international conferences, meetings of heads of leading states of the world are held here.

Population

The country of France, in contrast to most of the states of Western Europe, is characterized by steady population growth. Affects the active demographic policy of the state, aimed at increasing the birth rate, and significant immigration.

The French - the people of the Romance group, got their name from the Germanic tribe of the Franks, they constitute more than 85% of the inhabitants.The rest of the population is Corsicans, Alsatians, Basques and other national minorities, as well as immigrants. The total number of the latter is almost 4.5 million people, among whom the natives of North Africa dominate: Moroccans, Algerians, etc.

Tolerant France greets all foreigners with joy. The area of ​​the territory allows you to take a large number of immigrants. People come here for work and for permanent residence.

The absolute majority of the believing population are Catholics. A large proportion of Protestants and Muslims.

The population density of the country is 108 people per 1 km².

Square of France in square meters. km more than the area of ​​Germany, but it is inferior in population. However, this does not prevent it from being modern and prosperous. If in France for 2014 there were 66.8 million people, in Germany - more than 80 million.

Agglomeration

The bulk of the population lives in cities. Agglomerations are the main form of urban settlement, and in the countryside - small villages. In total there are more than 50 agglomerations, 60% of all citizens live in them, in the metropolitan area (Greater Paris) - about 11 million people or 17% of the total population of the country.Large agglomerations are Lyons and Marseilles.

The country has a regional policy, which aims to curb the growth of Paris and stimulate the development of peripheral regions and their centers.france country

The French Republic, like most developed countries, has a post-industrial structure of employment. The proportion of working people in intangible production due to the strong development of international tourism is still quite high - about 70%.

Very attractive tourist France. The area of ​​the territory is completely located in favorable natural conditions for recreational activities.

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