Goddess Juno: her origin, titles and family ties
Juno is the goddess of birth, marriage, family, motherhood and women in ancient Rome. She was also considered the heavenly queen and lord of lightning. In ancient Greek mythology, its counterpart was One of the legends said that Juno saved the Roman people from the earthquake.
Origin of the goddess
Saturn, the father of Juno, was predicted that in the future he would be overthrown by his own son, born of Rei. Frightened by these words, the Roman god swallowed all his children, except Jupiter. In the end, Saturn was defeated by his own son. All the rest of the children, among whom was Juno, were pulled out.
Jupiter became the supreme god of Olympus and the spouse of his sister. In order to achieve the favor of Juno, he took the form of a cuckoo. On this romance in the relationship of the two gods ended, since Jupiter was extremely loving. This enraged his sister-spouse and infuriated him and his lovers.
In mythology, the goddess was depicted mainly with a scepter and a cuckoo (sometimes with a peacock).The list of the basic attributes of Juno also included a tiara and a veil. One of the associations with it was moisture. Therefore Irida, which in ancient Greek mythology personified the rainbow, was considered the servant of the goddess of Rome Juno.
Together with her “right hand” Minerva and her husband Jupiter, she was a representative of the Capitol Triad and the Council of Gods. In some images and statues, including in the Vatican, the goddess is depicted in armor, goatskin, helmet and spear in hand. The month of June was named in honor of Juno. She possessed several guises, among which were:
- Counselor of the temple Coin, where money was minted, as well as a warning goddess;
- Ossipaga, which gave skeletons to the embryo;
- the goddess Sospita helped the poor;
- lightning bolting Fulgur;
- Virginians Virginia Protector;
- goddess of the first day of each month (calendars) calendar;
- the bright obstetric aid, bringing children to the light - the goddess Lutsina;
- Pronuba was the patroness of marriage traditions;
- nurse Rumina.
One of the titles of the goddess Juno marked the victory and military courage. Therefore, the Romans turned to her for help in the formation of a decent army for hikes.
Gradually, the Roman Unona assimilated with the Hero - the goddess from Greece.This happened as a result of the mixing of two mythological cultures during the Second Punic War. At that time, the appearance of Juno in the form of a decemvir, the guardian of the beliefs and traditions of Greece, fell. In addition, over time, the name of the goddess began to symbolize a mythical creature like an angel, which was allegedly assigned to each woman.
The goddess Juno was the youngest daughter of the supreme god Saturn and his wife Ree. Some ancient sources claim that she was also the sister of her own father. Juno was considered the mother of Mars - the god of fertility, and later of the war, Yuventa (the goddess of youth) and Vulcan (patron of blacksmithing and fire).
Her brothers were Jupiter, who later became a husband, Neptune (ruler of earthquakes and seas) and Pluto (the god of wealth). Juno was the sister of the goddess Vesta, personified the hearth, and Ceres, the patroness of fertility.
The cult of the goddess Juno in ancient Rome
On March 1, married women took part in the celebration of Matronalia. The celebration took place in a temple on the Esquiline, where they presented flowers to Juno and asked for personal happiness.On the first spring day, men showered their women with gifts, while slaves were freed from duties. Flaminaries were the priests of the glorious goddess.
In the culture of ancient Rome there was a rite in which people worshiped the moon, that is, Juno, who was the patroness of this celestial body. On one of the seven hills was a temple in which the so-called Capitoline Triad was worshiped.
Juno - the embodiment of the female essence
Usually the goddess was almost completely covered with rich clothing: her arms, face and neck remained bare. Her movements were measured and calm. The Roman goddess Juno had a tall stature, stately and austere beauty, amazing hair and big eyes. Her advisors were Minerva and Ceres.
Juno was the patroness of the moonlight. According to ancient legends, the night light has a direct impact on the feminine essence. Thus, the goddess Juno had a significant impact on the beautiful half of humanity, especially during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and marriage. In Roman legends it is stated that the wife of Jupiter opposed polygamy, that is, polygamy.In addition, for the ancient Romans, it was a symbol of passion and fertility.
Guessing on the coin
The ancient Greeks were convinced that the goddess Juno possessed the gift of foresight and brilliant intuition. Therefore, a long time ago fortune-telling with the use of ancient Roman coins appeared. With it, it is possible to get answers to your questions, provided that the questioner is completely confident in the effectiveness of the ritual.
To get started, take two coins of different denominations and toss them. The answer depends on the nominal and fallen side. The loss of a coin of greater dignity with an eagle pointing up means a positive answer; on the contrary, the planned will happen, but not soon.
Legend of the origin of the coin
The epithet is connected with the myth of geese who saved Ancient Rome. The legend says about the ten-year war between the Etruscans and the Roman people in the V century BC. The Romans brought to their homeland a Veio trophy in the form of a statue of an Etruscan goddess who blessed one of the soldiers.
In honor of this event was built the temple of Juno, whose visitors brought with them domestic geese. In 390 BC, the Capitoline fortress was surrounded by enemies, the geese woke the guard,thanks to which the Roman people were saved. Since then, people believed that it was Juno who took death away from them.