Heroes of World War II, repeating the feat of Alexander Matrosov
The expression “breasts on the embrasure” in the Russian language has long become familiar and is often used in a figurative sense. It appeared after it became aware of the exploits of the ordinary Red Army, Alexander Matrosov. A 19-year-old boy during a decisive battle covered the embrasure of the German bunker with his chest. The feat of Matrosov became a textbook in the Soviet Union, however, according to historians, during the war years, about 400 people closed bunkers with their own bodies, and some of them managed to survive after dozens of injuries received.
Komsomol card of Alexander Matrosov.
Alexander Morozov died on the battlefield on February 27, 1943, however, Soviet historians considered it ideologically correct to date the feat on February 23. In recent years, there have been a lot of controversy over the topic “whether there was a feat?”, Did Matrosov really close the embrasure with his chest.According to some versions, he rose to throw a grenade into the bunker, and at that moment he was shot by an assault rifle. Whatever it was, the fact remains: intentionally or not, but the feat was accomplished, and the fighter heroically died on the battlefield.
Today, historians call hundreds of names of other fighters who repeated this feat on different fronts and in different years. And, more importantly, they managed to survive in an unequal battle. As early as October 30, 1942, during a battle with the Nazi invaders on the outskirts of Tuapse, the assistant brigade commander Sergeant Leonty Kondratyev rushed to the embrasure with his chest. Incredibly, after being wounded, the fighter was able to survive, for four months he was treated in military hospitals and was able to return to the front through time. True, fate decreed that in April 1943, he was killed in another battle.
On October 10, 1943, fierce fighting took place near the Belarusian village of Glushets. The firing point was closed by the private body Georgy Maysuradze with his own body. After a long rehabilitation, the hero no longer returned to the ranks, was demobilized for medical reasons. George returned to his homeland in Georgia, he lived another 22 years.
On New Year's Eve in 1943, the German bunker neutralized the platoon commander Stepan Kochnev. The battle took place under the Ukrainian village of Novaya Yekaterinovka. Combat comrades considered the hero killed, he was presented to the award posthumously. In fact, Kochnev was captured by the Germans and stayed in concentration camps in Poland until April 1945. After everything he had experienced, Stepan returned to peaceful life, went to Chelyabinsk, where he worked as an accountant. Received wounds made themselves felt, the hero died in 1966.
The heroic deed was also committed during the storming of Sevastopol. Private Alexander Udodov rushed to the embrasure. The fighter was incredibly lucky: in the hospital, the doctors did the impossible, brought him back to life. The recovery was long, until the victory remained exactly a year. Alexander, due to the injuries he was unable to return to the front, however, having demobilized, arrived in his native Donetsk, where he worked for a long time at the mine. Alexander Udodov died in 1985.
Sergeant Major Vladimir Mayborsky repeated the feat of Matrosov on July 13, 1944. Prior to this decisive battle, the fighter had already managed to visit the Red Army, the militia, and Poland in a concentration camp (from where he ran off three times), and in the ranks of partisans. Throwing himself on a bunker, he received numerous injuries, but the doctors managed to cure him.Rehabilitation took almost a year. After dismissal from the army due to disability, Vladimir became the chairman of the village council and lived to 1987.
18 wounds received Sergeant Tovya Rise. In October 1944, in battles for the city of Gumbinnen, he closed the enemy’s bunker with his own body so that the battalion could attack.