How Francis Drake sent the English Armada to the bottom
Everyone knows or heard about how the British famously defeated the Spanish Invincible Armada. She had to sail to the Netherlands, pick up Spanish troops there, ship them to England, so that they put a Catholic order in this pirate den. But it did not work out. How then, after many centuries, it will be customary to say: "She drowned." But in fact, the story is not over. Just proud Britons do not like to remember about the sequel.
So, as soon as the Invincible Armada was spread, the British decided that they had turned up a wonderful moment for the return visit. After all, the Spaniards have not yet recovered from the losses incurred, which means that it was possible to arrange a good bath for them and profit at the same time.
At first it was planned to simply arrange a pogrom in the ports where the ships of the Spanish fleet were repaired. But then it was decided, once the suit went, at the same time to make a landing in Portugal and overthrow the power of the Spanish king Philip II there, the good is that the Portuguese themselves were not against him to throw it off.But at the same time, why was it trivial, it was then decided to launch an attack on the "Silver Fleet" - the source of the power of the Spanish Empire - a convoy, regularly delivering wealth obtained in America to the metropolis.
The plan, or rather the plans, were grand. Yes, and everything seems to be turned out. But began quirks. For a start, it turned out that for a big hike, you also need an armada. And she first had to collect. But she did not intend to, because for nothing, for faith, the queen and the fatherland, no one wanted to go almost to certain death, she did not want to fall into the mouth of the Spaniards. Announced a set of volunteers who want to become famous in the service of the queen - did not work. It became clear that we need money to hire crews, and ships too. And there was no money.
However, through the strait was a place where money could be obtained. It was not quite the Iron Bank of Braavos, but very similar to book characters, the figures were Dutch. They were asked to finance the action by the royal secretary Francis Walsingham. The Dutch themselves had long fought the Spaniards in an endless war, which would later be called the Eighty Years. The Dutch themselves were happy to help, to annoy the Spaniards.But friendship is friendship, and the business and business requested funding for the trip and assistance with sailors and ships - the Azores.
As a result, the money was found, the ships, too, and already the English armada set off to surf the Spanish coast. The commander of the parade was the same Francis Drake, who had already shown that he was able to pirate well. But then something went wrong.
For a start, Drake, instead of smashing the main forces of the Spaniards who were stationed in Santader, for some reason set off to A Coruña, burned 13 merchant ships there, and then descended the landing party and the cheerful booze and robbery began.
But then the wind changed, the Spaniards came to help and Drake had to get out, although, of course, he reported about an unprecedented success. True, the "winners" died about 6 times more than the "losers", but it's the little things.
Further losses continued. The British lost the ship for the ship for various reasons. In addition, while Drake was stuck in La Coruna, the Spaniards closed the topic with Portugal. True, Drake decided to go there and try to take Lisbon. But going to the port, I realized that nothing shines the mind.In addition, the armada was already so worn out and scattered, that one could not even dream of capturing the Azores and especially the Silver Fleet, one could carry the legs.
As a result, the remnants of the armada Drake led to England, without fulfilling his plans. And the result of all this action is as follows. The Spaniards lost about 900 people and 18 ships, and the British at least 11 thousand people and 40 ships. Of course, the Invincible Armada off the coast of England lost more, but in response to the coast of Spain, the British didn’t come flying sourly, even quite comparable.