How to determine verb conjugation: secrets of a high school student
Types of Verb Conjugations
Lucky first graders! Damn sticks and squiggles in a notebook, write words in two syllables, and do not think before a dictation how to determine the conjugation of a verb. From this study, the iron head became, therefore, to remember everything that the Russian teacher said at the lesson before last about the types of verb conjugations, there was no strength: he taught the rules of an isosceles triangle all night and proved the theorem. It seems that speech that day was about two basic types of conjugation: the first and the second.
What is the difference between verbs?
With personal endings: in the first person (the number, of course, is the only one) in the end you can see the letters “y” or “u” in both 1 and 2 conjugations, for example, I’m on, I see. Therefore, it is impossible to determine what kind of conjugation it is. In the second person of the same number, you eat and you see: you row, eat, you hate. And in the third person, the singular -et and -it: he stele, he gon-it.Now you understand how to determine the conjugation of the verb?
Will the shock end help?
If the ending in the second person is stressed, then you don’t need to think: there is the letter “e” - this means conjugation 1, and the opposite “and” prompts: this verb exactly conjugates the second: buns), you sit by the window. It seems like I wrote down a rule in my notebook. Here it is: it is strictly forbidden to put verbs with a shock personal ending in the infinitive, if I think about conjugation to define them!
What to do if the ending stress does not want to fall, and the teacher asks how to determine the verb conjugation in this case? It is necessary in the manual on the Russian language to dig. It can not be that there was no clue there! I found a table, now we will study it with you.Verb conjugations
|1 conjugation (infinitive with unstressed ending)||2 conjugation (infinitive with unstressed ending)|
All the rest, including the infinitives of the br-it (beard) and the stel-it (the wadded blanket), plus zizh-it-ha, (sea) swell-it-ha.The verb stele is found in the conversational style of speech, its personal forms are formed from the infinitive to lay: (today) I stele th (our sheet) stela-yut (mattresses).
Na -it: today with varnish-it-xia (sorbet), ride-it (in public transport), ready-it (delicious breakfast).
On: after midnight, beating (prisoners), holding (kitten), hearing (neighbors), breathing (evaporations), plus words formed with the help of the Russian-language (foreign language) prefix or postfix and in the prefix / postfix way (kick out (thief), hold out (from shame), hold on (for the handrail), get out of breath (after competition).
To nay: sometimes tolerate (injustice), twist (key), offense (parents), hang (link from friend), hate (fish oil), look (plug), view -eat (film) and their prefix-suffix formation: (see-off (foe), offended-es (for aunt), look-et (for teapot).
What endings have personal verbs in the plural
By the third person plural verb can correctly determine its conjugation. Substitute the pronoun “they” for the infinitive and see which vowel forms the ending. If -y (-y), then this is exactly the first conjugation, if -a (-y), then the second: wash, they wash, gnaw, they gnaw, hang, they hang, lie they are lying.
How to determine the conjugation of verbs want and run
These verbs and their prefixing formations (to run, dash off) are called sporadic, since in the personal endings morphemes appear both of the second conjugation and the first conjugation. Read the examples and pay attention to the highlighted endings: you (not) want (pear), they hot (sleep), you (quickly) run (go to school), they (still) run-ut.
How to determine verb conjugation
This verb also refers to sparse, and, he used only in the form of a third person: he (dawn) Brezht-it, they (dawn) Brezhzh-ut.
Ending of consonants
My friend just called. It turns out that not all of us at school know about verbs, for example, the infinitive “is” in its personal forms (the only number) has an ending that consists of consonant letters: I am, he is e-st. How to determine the conjugation of this verb? Here we go to the university with Sasha, then we will find out.