How to make a roof

The most crucial moment in the construction of the building is the construction of the roof.
The process of building a gable roof.
1. In order to build a roof, we will need a wood - parallel bars and edged boards.
bars and edged board

2. Lay out the bars under the beams around the perimeter of the roof. Timber we use 50 * 150 mm.
Lay out the bars

3. In order for the beams not to rot, it is necessary to waterproof them against the wall. To do this, prepare the ruberoid.
waterproof them

4. Roofing material bend to the desired length and cut with a thread.
Ruberoid we bend

5. Elements of waterproofing for beams prepared.
prepared for beams

6. Set the beams to the required distance from the edge of the wall.
Installing beams

7. To fix the waterproofing on the beams, we need a stapler.
To secure the waterproofing

8. We put waterproofing under the beam.
We put waterproofing under the beam

9. Wrap the beam with roofing paper and fix it with a stapler.
We wrap the beam with ruberoid

10. We carry out such works with each beam.
We wrap the beam with ruberoid

11. The distance between the beams should be equal.
should be equal

12. So that the beams do not move between themselves and it was convenient to move along the future roof, we fix them with the help of boards.
we fix them with boards

13. Lay the blocks around the perimeter of the wall for further lining of the beams.
We lay out the blocks

14. We produce lining beams.
We make a facing of beams

15. For the manufacture of the truss system you need a bar of 50 * 100 mm, in which it is necessary to make sawn and sawing at a certain angle.
sawing and sawing

16. In order to produce such works it is necessary to expand the bars so that they follow the contour of the future truss system.
it is necessary to expand the bars

17. We measure the length on the template bar, on which the extreme points of the rafter base will be located.
Measure off on the bar pattern

18. The ridge part of the rafters is brought together until the angles of the beam come in contact.
we bring together

19. In the ridge part on both sides we mark with a pencil the line of contact of the timber.
mark with a pencil line

20. In order to make the base of the rafters, you need to attach a timber on top and mark the line with a pencil.
make a rafter base

21. Marked base rafters.
Marked rafter base

22. Saw along the intended line.
Saw on the planned line

23. Marked ridge part.
The ridge part is marked

24. In the ridge part we produce half the width of the timber.
produce gash

25. Zapily produce with a regular frequency from the marked line to the edge of the beam.
Zapily produce with regular frequency

26. Using a hammer or an ax, remove excess timber.
With the help of a hammer

27. Use the chisel to level the surface of the two beams that will be folded.
level the surface

28. Bars stacked in the ridge part.
Bars stacked in the ridge part

29. Rafters prepared for installation.
Rafters prepared for installation

30. In order to install the rafters smoothly, it is necessary to tighten the cord.
set rafters straight

31.Focusing on this cord, we drive a nail into each beam.
Focusing on this cord

32. In the ridge part of the rafters we hammer in a nail that will fasten the rafters to each other.
hammering a nail

33. Install the rafters, which will abut against the nail limiter.
Install rafters

34. Then we fix the first rafter.
Then we fix the first rafter

35. Fasten the base of the rafters to the beams with nails 150 or 200 mm.
Fasten the sole

36. The subsequent rafters are fastened together by means of laths.
fasten together

37. When all the rafters of the roof are installed, it is necessary to make a batten. To do this, we hammer nails into certain rafters along the length of the board (crates) at equal distances from each other.
roof rafters installed

38. On the hammered nails we support the board of the crate. We nail the board to each rafter with the help of 2 nails of 100 mm.
hammered nails rest board

39. The roof lathing is ready.
Roof lathing ready

40. In the next step, it is necessary to remove excess parts of the beams.
it is necessary to remove unnecessary

41. To do this, with the help of the square we draw the cutting line.
draw the cut line

42. Cut the excess part of the beam.
Cut the excess part of the beam

43. We perform such works with all beams.
We perform such works with all beams.

44. Cover the roof with slate and install skates.
How to make a roof with your own hands

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