Lip cancer is a tumor on the lower lip. Pathology develops in the epithelium of the red border most often in men at 60-70 years of age. Most cases belong to squamous cell carcinoma. You can find out more about this type of cancer here - https://rak-guby.topclinic.ru/. We briefly consider the basic information that is important to know the sick and their loved ones.
Causes of lip cancer
- UV exposure
- Influence of carcinogenic substances
The following phenomena may indicate the development of the disease:
- The presence of ulcers in the mouth, which bleeds, hurts and does not pass for a long time. If the sore is not treated and medications cannot help, you can suspect oncology.
- A bump around the neck is a possible sign of cancer.
- A papilloma or fissure that does not go away for a long time.
Lip Cancer Diagnosis
For accurate diagnosis using the following methods:
- Biopsy: A small piece of tissue is examined in a laboratory. According to its results, conclusions are drawn about the nature of education, they reveal whether it is benign or cancerous.
- If cancer cells are detected, an examination is prescribed to help determine the stage of the disease.
- Standard in the diagnosis are radiography, computed tomography and ultrasound.
How to treat lip cancer?
Lip cancer treatment depends on the stage of the disease, the quality and literacy of the treatment and the subsequent recovery. The experience and professionalism of doctors is very important in the treatment of cancer, therefore it is worthwhile to apply to proven and reputable specialists.
Excellent treatment is offered in Israel. The patient can choose one of three well-known clinics: Assuta, Sheba, Ichilov. Next, you need to decide on the doctor who will conduct the treatment and draw up a treatment program. The case of each patient is studied in detail, and then surgical treatment is prescribed. Surgical treatment allows you to quickly and effectively get rid of the tumor without cosmetic defects. Detailed information about the treatment can be found on the Top Clinics website - the leading private clinic in Israel.
During surgery, the oncologist removes the affected tissue to clean the wound edges. Sometimes not only the affected area is removed, but also the lymph nodes.After resection, doctors proceed to plastic reconstruction. To restore the former shape of the face, they use the non-functional bone of the lower limb. The work is long and painstaking, but high-quality and successful.
Photodynamic therapy is another way to treat superficial cancers that have not yet had time to grow into the depths of tissues. Thanks to this method, it is possible to preserve the functionality of a diseased organ, to protect against a large number of complications, to reduce the time of treatment and to obtain a remarkable cosmetic effect.
Before the procedure, a photosensitizer is injected into the patient's body: this substance makes the tumor cells more sensitive to light. After that, they are treated by exposure to a certain light.
Cryosurgery - effect on the tumor using low temperatures. The procedure is good for the first stage of the disease and for cancer relapses. The tumor and adjacent tissues are treated with an applicator with liquid nitrogen with a temperature of -170 degrees. Cold destroys the tumor tissue of the lip. After cryosurgery, the tumor dies off and exfoliates from the healthy tissue. It takes a couple of months for final healing.
Recovery after surgery
After surgery, orthopedic dentistry specialists and therapists continue to work with the patient, helping the patient to restore swallowing and speech. At this stage in the treatment process include physiotherapy.
Based on the survey, doctors conclude whether the patient requires additional therapeutic procedures. They can prescribe radiation exposure or chemotherapy to get rid of residual cancer cells.
When detecting and treating a disease at an early stage, cancer of the lip in Israel is cured in 100% of cases. In the case of the third stage, immediate treatment brings successful results in 90%. In the fourth stage with metastases, successful treatment occurs in 20-30% of patients. In other cases, prescribed poliatativnuyu therapy, which relieves the symptoms of the disease and prolongs life.