Interesting biology. Why are fungi and bacteria called destroyers?
In nature, there are many so-calledfood chains. Some animals eat plants. Others are the flesh of organisms that consume vegetable food. And those, in turn, can eat a person. But all life ever comes time, so nature is arranged.
The law of nature renewal
In fact, imagine if the organismsexisted forever? In the world there would have been overpopulation for a long time, leading to a lack of stable nutrition, as well as to global pollution of the environment. Therefore, according to the laws that exist in the biosphere, all living organisms are born, mature, leave behind posterity, grow old and die. And the biosphere is thus updated every second!
The kingdoms of nature: plants, animals, fungi, bacteria
They are all involved in this sensible andbalanced cycle of substances. And when any organism stops its vital activity, the hour of decomposition of matter into components comes. And then bacteria and mushrooms come to the aid of nature. Why are fungi and bacteria called destroyers? This concept can be directly related to their activities.
So scientifically called those organisms that arethey exercise their food at the expense of the remains of other animals and plants. Basically, they include bacteria and fungi. They decompose the dead flesh into "sources" - inorganic simplest compounds, microelements, enabling nature to build new organisms from them or use them to feed existing ones. That's why mushrooms and bacteria are called destroyers. But by their corrupting activities they bring more benefits than harm.
A world without saprophytes
Imagine what would have happened ifBacteria and fungi did not process dead cells? Life itself, probably, suffocated under an hourly increasing layer of dead remains. And saprophytes, carrying out food, as if "dispose" of dead tissues, act as medics or janitors, helping to clean unnecessary, to recycle waste. That is why mushrooms and bacteria are called destroyers, utilizing the remains of dead organisms. Now the positive effect of this global biological process on the environment has been scientifically proven.
Interesting biology: bacteria, fungi, plants - saprophytes
The concept itself has Greek roots and comes from the two words "rotten" and "plants". What kind of organisms can be attributed to this group?
- First of all, this is many bacteria. They decompose organic matter, cause food rot, participate in mineralization and fixation of nitrogen. And some bacteria split even cellulose, form hydrocarbons. Some microorganisms are particularly demanding of the substrate: they use only certain types of organic food (for example, dairy products). Others are practically omnivorous and can eat various organic compounds: alcohols, proteins, carbohydrates and acids.
- To this group can be attributed and many largemushrooms. After all, straw and humus, fallen leaves, manure, feathers, fallen horns and much more serve as a substrate with nutrients. Summer summer, as a rule, lives on the remains of foliage and trees, and false honey agarics choose conifers. Dung white develops in nitrogen-rich locations. A microscopic mushroom-saprophytes spoil human food, making it unfit. Many fungi enter into symbiosis with higher plants, processing their waste in microelements, which can feed plants from the soil. This process is mutually beneficial and is sometimes reflected in the names of mushrooms: podberezovik, boletus. A group of predator fungi, feeding on small insects, can also be conventionally referred to saprophytes. Because when there is no live prey, they can feed on dead organic matter.
- There are saprophytes among representatives of fauna. These include: sundew, mistletoe, dodder, for example.
Now you know why mushrooms and bacteriacalled destroyers (rather, they mean their positive role in nature). All saprophytes and saprophages are "responsible" for the circulation of substances in the biosphere and the utilization of dead organisms, without which, probably, the planet would cease to exist.