Legal culture. Its types, structure, concepts
Legal culture is a part of the culture of society that was created during its entire development, and includes the acquired experience of previous generations and other world cultures.
According to the history, law enforcement andlaw-making activity is effective only if in these processes the intellectual work, organizing, creative creativity occupies a higher place. Analyzing these conscious and creative processes in law enforcement and lawmaking, the concept of legal culture and sense of justice is explained.
Legal culture is quite closely overlapping withspiritual morality and political kinds of cultures. First of all, of course, behavioral, which is related to the education of people, their adaptation to respect, organization, discipline, order and laws of the country. It is impossible to call the person who is not legally competent cultural. Also an important element of the legal system of society is the legal culture - an indispensable condition for the normal functioning of the country.
The legal culture supports all the relevant values that currently exist in the state. However, this takes into account the experience of the world.
Legal culture is not only an activitypeople in the legal sphere, but also outside it, which in one way or another has to do with the application of legal knowledge. To date, legal knowledge is in demand in many specialties, sciences and disciplines, both humanitarian and non-humanitarian. This knowledge is in demand in those areas where there are legal norms and laws, it's not for nothing that practically in all universities of our country the educational program of students includes the legal program, since without it one profession and one activity can not do.
Not the last place the legal culture occupiesrealization of the famous legal principle "that by law is not prohibited, it is allowed". A person with an insufficient level of morality and legal culture can easily go by abusing such a principle. Or he simply will not fully understand what is allowed, and what not to do. In our country, this axiom, due to the legal illiteracy of most of our citizens, has already generated and continues to generate significant negative consequences. Even though in the conditions of market relations, which presuppose the enterprisingness of the subjects and their personal initiative, it is simply necessary.
The primary task of carrying out reforms in ourThe state should be strengthening the moral as well as the cultural factor. This will help to bring order to the country, increase the consciousness and responsibility of every citizen, to confirm the ideas of discipline and legality, to overcome legal, political and moral nihilism.
Culture is the spiritual base of alltransformations. Here, the importance of legal culture and legal education of the population. Not knowing their rights and not having the habit of observing the law, it is impossible to solve serious problems.
Among other things, legal culture ismulti-level concept. There is such a whole society and a single individual, the culture of diverse groups and strata of the population, employees of the state apparatus, officials, as well as professional culture, external and internal. Hegel also spoke about the discrepancy between practical and theoretical culture. As for the legal, this includes such indicators as respect for laws, a clear and well-established work of law enforcement agencies, legal literacy of the population, strong legal traditions. And also a wide range of rights and freedoms of citizens and their guarantees, developed legal system, full-fledged legislation, achieved level of legal consciousness and many other things that determine the development and life of the state.