Lincoln (President of the United States): years of government, photo
Glory to Lincoln brought him relentless struggle against slavery, as well as the liberation of black people in the country. It forever turned the course of its history. During the Civil War, A. Lincoln was at the head of the country, and the freedom-loving people were able to defeat the Confederation. He also managed to include in the government his main enemies, whose political views radically diverged from his own. Thanks to the competent policy of this president, America avoided military intervention by Britain and several European countries. Under his presidency, a railroad began to pass through the entire country, which received transcontinental status. The life of the sixteenth President of the United States was cut short by the murder.
Before the start of a career. About childhood and adolescence
Abraham was born on February 12, 1809 in a simple farming family. The parents of the future American chapter - father T. Lincoln and mother Nancy - lived in a small house located in the district of Kentucky Hongeville.The Lincolns in mid-1816 moved to Indiana, but soon the family was forced to move to Illinois. There, in 1818, his mother died.
President Lincoln, as a teenager, was the very first of all family members to learn to read and learn mathematics. Quite early, Abraham had to help earn a living, in particular, he worked hard while doing field work. When he grew up a little, he worked as a postman, worked as a boatman, and later as a lumberjack. Reading was easy for the young man, and after a working day he read books drunk.
When A. Lincoln turned 21, he left his father's house and moved to the small village of New Salem. Here he devoted a lot of time to self-education and continued to “absorb” the books. After 2 years, the future President Lincoln took the first part in the elections, because he wanted to become a member of the Illinois Legislative Assembly. However, this was not to be. In 1833, he was appointed to the post of postmaster of New Salem, where he could spend hours reading the political news of the country and keep up with the latest developments. By the end of the same year, Abraham was appointed a surveyor, in whose position he worked for several years.
On the career of a lawyer Lincoln
The Illinois Legislative Chamber opened its doors to Lincoln when he won the election at the age of 25. Soon he began to support the political movement of the Whig. The first steps in the policy of a young Abraham began to implement during the presidency of E. Jackson. Lincoln intensively studied jurisprudence, and already in 1836 he brilliantly passed the exams, which allowed him to practice law.
From 1937 he moved to Springfield, where his lawyer career began. Together with W. Butler, a law firm was set up, which soon earned an impeccable reputation. Lincoln often took on the most difficult cases of people who had absolutely no money, and helped all those in need of legal assistance. Very quickly, he won the recognition of people. Although this does not mean that the future president Abraham Lincoln was a poor lawyer who worked only with the poor.
He received substantial fees and managed to earn a considerable fortune thanks to his knowledge and constant practice. Lincoln’s career includes 23 years of practical experience. During his law practice, Abraham was able to participate in more than 5,200 legal cases.
Entering the political arena
1846 was marked by the election of Lincoln from his party of the Whigs to the House of Congress, which forced him to move to Washington. In the period from 1847 to 1849, he was active against the war of the United States with Mexico. At that time, the president of America was James Knox Polk, whose actions were actively condemned by Lincoln. President Knox is famous for the fact that during his rule some southern lands, including New Mexico and California, were ceded to the territory of the States, to which he was directly related.
In addition, his government resolved the issue with the United Kingdom about the right to Oregon property.
Lincoln openly criticized America’s wrongful invasion of Mexican lands, and also fought for the rights of slaves and their release. He continued to practice law. Abraham Lincoln (President of the USA in 1861-1865) in 1856 became a member of the Republican Party. However, in the elections of 1858 in the US Senate, he failed, without gaining the necessary number of votes and losing to Democrat Stephen Douglas. Despite this, many Americans knew him as a fighter for freedom and human rights.
Presidential Election in the USA (1860)
By the beginning of October 1860, the political rivalry between the North and the southern states reached its apogee. Republicans and Democrats fought for values and attitudes, the personification of which were presidential candidates from both parties. The election showed the largest voter activity at that time, which exceeded 85% of the adult population of the country.
11/6/1860 The name of the new head of state became known. With an absolute majority of votes, the victory was won by Abraham Lincoln ─ the US president, ahead of his rivals from the Democratic Party. Of course, it was thanks to the active support of the northern states that he managed to win, but it should be borne in mind that the ballots of some southern regions did not include his name as a candidate at all.
Inauguration and the beginning of the presidency
On March 4, 1861, the inauguration process took place, and Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States (pictured above), took the oath of allegiance to his people. He advocated the unity of the people in the state and the equality of citizens.
Soon after taking office in Congress, the overwhelming majority of posts belonged to the Republican Party.In addition, his ardent opponents also received high state ranks. So, Chase Salmon took the post of Minister of Finance, and W. Seward became the US Secretary of State.
American Civil War (1861)
In 1861, the states of the South withdrew from the Union and declared their independence, becoming Confederates. This was followed by the beginning of the American Civil War. The unity of the country was a priority for President Lincoln, and he tried to save it in all sorts of ways. However, the events that began to occur in the States, forced to take a number of tough measures. On September 22, 1862 slavery was abolished in America, and all slaves received official freedom. Now blacks, former slaves, were accepted into the army units of the northern states.
The turning point in the war between the South and the North came at the beginning of July 1863. In the state of Pennsylvania, under the small town of Gittesberg, the troops of the North defeated the Confederates and pushed them back to Virginia. President Abraham Lincoln proposed a plan for a large-scale offensive carried out by soldiers of the North led by Army Commander Willis Grant.
The army of the northerners confidently pushed aside the troops of the Confederates, and already in early September 1864, the southerners lost the battle of Atlanta, which determined the outcome of the war.Meanwhile, the next presidential election began in the States, which was won on November 8 by Abraham Lincoln. The President of the United States (government years 04.03.1861-15.04.1865) ordered the Congress to abolish slavery in the States at the end of January 1865, which resulted in an appropriate amendment to the Constitution of the state.
Already 09/04/1865, the Southerners signed the act of surrender. This date is considered the end of the war. US President Lincoln proposed to economically reconstruct the southern states and recognize black citizens as full members of American society.
About the murder of Abraham Lincoln
5 days after the victory in Washington at the G. Ford Theater, the play “My American Cousin” took place. One of the actors, a supporter of the southerners, John Booth, penetrated into the box where Abraham Lincoln was located - the US president, and fired a shot from the revolver in the back of the head. The wound was fatal, and he died on the night of 04/04/1865. A. Lincoln was buried in Springfield, where he began his lawyer career. The funeral procession passed through many states, and the Americans came out of their homes to spend the last journey of a man who forever changed the life of the country.