Mushroom Yezhovik: description, habitat and application in cooking
Mushroom Yezhovik is an amazing gift of forests. This publication will tell you about two types of this fruit. You will learn how it looks, in what places it prefers to grow and what can be cooked from it.
Description of scaly hedgehog
In nature, there is a motley fungus Yezhovik. It belongs to the Yezhovikov family. It is also called a hawk, a quiver, a scaly hedgehog, a tiny ezhovik. In Kyrgyzstan, people consider it a black mushroom. Not for nothing is one mushroom so many names, after all, looking at it, each person comes up with their own associations.
The hat of a scaly hedgehog reaches in diameter25 centimeters. It is convex at the edges, and in the center there is a small depression. The color can be gray-brown, dark brown with brown large scales. In young mushrooms, the cap has a velvety surface. The older it is, the rougher its scales become and the stronger they bend. Its sturdy leg has a diameter of 1-3 cm, a height of 2-8 cm, can expand slightly with age.
Where does the motley fungus Yezhovik grow?
It can be found in deciduous, coniferous andpine forests. It can grow on any site, but prefers sand, calcareous or moss-covered soil. It grows one by one or forms rows. It can be found between August and November. The most active fructification in these fungi in September. It happens that they have faded hats, and they look like a different kind - yellow hedgehogs. Let's see how they differ.
Mushrooms, Yezhiviki yellow
This species is not popular among mushroom pickers. However, its taste and appearance resembles a chanterelle. Alternative names of the given gift of forests - ezhovik (hydnum) vyemchaty, deaf chanterelle.
Hat of yellow Ezhovikov fleshy with reliefsurface. It is velvety and dry to the touch. Its edges are convex, and in the center there is a small depression. The color can be from light ocher, pink-yellow to red-orange, dark-brown. The diameter of the cap can reach 25 cm. When pressed and ripened, it becomes a dark red, and in the dry season it acquires a whitish or light yellow color. Under it are small, elongated needle thorns of yellow-pink color. If you touch them, they will easily break. The yellowish leg of this fungus has a thickness of up to 3 cm, a length of up to 5 cm and slightly narrows below.
Yellow fungus Yeovik has an external resemblance tochanterelles. The difference lies in the fact that the first under the hat are thorns, and the chanterelle - the plate. They also have a common habitat. Still this kind of mushrooms reminds small red-yellow ezhoviki, but differs in size and in that the cap and thorns of the last orange-reddish shade.
Yezhovik is a mushroom that has a special spicysmell. It may not be to the liking of every person. It is classified as the fourth category in terms of nutritional value. From young Ezhovikov, you can cook amazing marinades, pickles, fried foods. Still they will turn out very tasty in a dried kind. Mature specimens are more bitter, therefore, before they can be cooked from them, they must be boiled.