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OsteoporosisIs a skeletal disease, which is characterized by a decrease in the mass of the bones and a change in their microarchitecture. The bones become more fragile, the probability of fractures increases significantly.
“Osteo” means bone, osteoporosis is a porous bone.
Human bones are strengthened and developed from birth. Skeletal mass in women and men reaches a maximum at the age of 20-30 years. During this period it is very important to strengthen the bones. After 35-40 years, bone mass is lost, with age, this process occurs more intensively.
Physiological processes (associated with aging) and pathological states (various diseases) lead to hormonal disturbances, due to which calcium is not absorbed, it is “washed out” faster than bone is restored. This is how osteoporosis develops.
The risk group includes people with such indicators:
- early menopause,
- white and asian race (ethnicity),
- elderly women,
- low body weight,
- diseases of the endocrine system (thyrotoxicosis, neurotic anorexia, type I diabetes mellitus, etc.)
- wrong lifestyle,
- bad habits,
- intolerance to dairy products
- calcium deficiency
- vitamin D deficiency.
Osteoporosis can also cause diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, chronic renal failure, anemia, blood cancer, chronic hepatitis, etc.
Symptoms of osteoporosis
At the initial stage, it is very difficult to detect osteoporosis.
Patients may be disturbed:
- lumbar pain
- discomfort and soreness in the hip joints,
- gait disturbance,
- discomfort between the shoulder blades,
- pain in the ribs may appear later.
Prevention and treatment of osteoporosis
1. Eating foods rich in calcium, or vitamins.
Daily Calcium Dose:
for women 25-50 years old - 1000 mg per day,
for women over 50 years old - 1500 mg per day,
for men over 25 years old - 1500 mg.
2. Calcium is absorbed only in combination with vitamin D. It is contained in fish, egg yolk, milk, and bread.
3. Exercise. Daily walking. Fitness or aerobics, dancing will strengthen bone tissue.