Outdoor stoves: existing species and their features
If you at least once had the opportunity to cook dinner in the open air, then you should remember that this process is much more pleasant than that which is carried out in the traditional kitchen to the sound of the hood. Unfortunately, only owners of country plots and private houses in the city can afford such luxury.
If the oven is installed on the street, in the garden or in the courtyard of a country house, then you can afford such a pleasure. Street ovens can not be called a novelty. They existed in warm regions almost always, already for centuries. But recently, such designs have become more functional, they have become a decoration of the garden and ennobled.
The main types of existing garden stoves and their distinctive features
Furnaces that are designed for operation in the open air can be classified into several groups. This type of equipment is distinguished by its functionality, capabilities and purpose.The simplest solution would be a wood stove, which has a cooking surface. On sale you can find ready-made models of cast iron.
According to consumers, the most interesting are solutions with an oven. If you purchase such a device, you will receive, in fact, a stove, but it will work not with mains gas, but with coal, wood or briquettes. It is possible to use solid fuel for the operation of such a furnace.
If we consider the option of a cooking street stove, then we should pay attention to the one that will have compact dimensions, so it will not take up much space. For the winter, such a construction can be completely removed to the outbuilding. Among the shortcomings - a poor set of dishes that can be prepared using such a device. If you plan to use the menu in the country, which is usual for a city apartment, then the street assistant described above will be the best solution. Whereas for those who like grilled fish and kebabs, more functional models will do.
This design for the street can only work for cooking. In this embodiment, the equipment does not have the ability to heat the air. In the oven you can stew vegetables, bake dough and fry meat.In the process of making the furnace, the outer walls are protected by a layer of thermal insulation, which allows the center to operate all year round, even at temperatures as low as -10 ° C.
The functionality of this outdoor stove has almost no limits. It can be supplemented with an oven, stove under the cauldron or hob. Build a stove in the yard is easier than in the house, because it does not have to be supplemented by a complex system of smoke.
This type of furnace according to the principle of its operation is similar to the one described above, but it is distinguished by more compact dimensions and modest possibilities. If you make a comparison with the brazier, the oven will have an oven where you can bake pies, cook different dishes and bake meat.
On the top grid you can grill the kebab on the coals without heating the device. However, gourmets recommend enduring a full cycle of work. The oven at the first stage is well heated for 2 hours maximum, and after the firebox is cleaned of ash and meat is placed on skewers. The heat will be uniform, which eliminates the need to turn the kebabs and constantly monitor their preparation.
Considering the street oven, you must pay attention to the tandoor. This is a "native" from the East. Using the device, you can cook pizza, fish, meat, bake flatbread and vegetables, which are prepared on the walls of a round design.
In the upper part of the base you can install a cauldron or dishes for pilaf and cooking first courses. If desired, such an outdoor stove to give can be purchased at the store. You can choose a mobile or stationary model, in the first case the equipment is equipped with wheels for easy movement around the territory. However, you can make a tandoor with your own hands. This is true for those craftsmen who are familiar with the technology of brickwork.
Clay brick and stone refractory blocks are suitable for work. You can arrange the products horizontally or vertically, but the first option will allow you to keep the furnace heat for a longer time. It is possible to build an oriental plate from a metal barrel, which is coated with refractory clay. However, you must be prepared for the fact that such a street stove, the photo of which is presented in the article, will serve much less time.
The equipment originally described in the article was conceived as heating, with which you can create a cozy atmosphere. However, rest is not limited to contemplation of the flame. People prefer to rest with snacks and barbecue. The stove-fireplace, which is complemented with a spit and grill, will help this very well.
This outdoor stove with barbecue is suitable for those who like to organize picnics in the garden. Models allow you to cook dishes that require a spit and grill. If you compare the fireplaces with other stove equipment, the first ones have a more impressive width of the firebox, which allows you to admire the burning logs. On sale you can find ready-made fireplaces from refractory mixtures with moisture-resistant coating.
The pizza oven does not differ in its wide possibilities, because it is only suitable for preparing the appropriate dish and bakery products. A distinctive feature of the model is the arch in the form of a hemisphere.
The fuel is placed in the combustion chamber where the dough products are placed for cooking. The Italian hearth can be folded from a refractory brick using a solution based on chamotte clay.Such a stove can be part of a whole street complex, which is combined with a barbecue and a Russian stove.
Outdoor barbecue is the leader among other devices of this type. Its prototype is mobile metal braziers, which were invented by the Americans. Barbeque differs from barbeque in the presence of a grid. You can cook meat on it. The main tool is a skewer, which is located above the coal container.
The design protects the flame from wind and precipitation, because it is covered, which contributes to the long-term preservation of heat. Stationary barbecues, which are based on the stove, are rarely supplemented by braziers. The design may include:
- plates for a cauldron;
- cooking stove;
- Russian stove;
- skewers for game and meat pieces;
- oven for poultry.
Outdoor barbecues are usually made of metal and refractory mixtures. According to your project, the hull can be laid out of refractory bricks. Today, at the peak of popularity - barbecue complexes, which are usually installed in the gazebos. However, the complex consists not only of furnace equipment,but also from the sewage system, sink, cabinets and tables, the latter of which are intended for cooking and storing dishes.
If you will be running an outdoor brick oven, then the work must begin with determining the location of the complex. Once you have chosen the right equipment, you can proceed to the design. Then you should prepare the necessary tools and materials, among them:
- building level;
- capacity for solution;
- wooden square;
- Master OK.
An outdoor brick oven is set on the foundation with your own hands, because the structure will have an impressive weight. The base should be strong. Marking is applied to the selected site, where the center will be located. Next, you should prepare the foundation pit, going deeper by 70 cm. The pit size should be larger on each side of the future foundation by 100 mm.
A layer of rubble is placed on the bottom and compacted well, then a solution of cement and sand is poured. A concrete pad is sometimes reinforced with reinforcement.Now comes the turn of the boards that will be needed for the formwork. Then you can complete the final grouting and leveling the future foundation. After about 20 days you can disassemble the formwork. During the first days after pouring, the concrete surface is wetted to prevent cracks.
Street stoves and braziers of brick begin to give all the best only after the foundation has completely solidified. In places where the material will come into contact with fire, refractory products should be used. The brick is soaked before the laying, so that it does not draw water from the solution. When making masonry mortar, clay, sand and cement should be used. It is necessary to check the quality of the brick, it should not be defects, chips and cracks. Outdoor stove with his own hands laid out after waterproofing the base. Ruberoid is used for this.
The base of the future furnace emerges with the coated cord at the next stage. The first row fits without solution. It is important to ensure that the stitches are ligated to the previous row. Too thick layer of the solution should not be laid, because over time, the material may crack, which will lead to cool air suction and reduce the intensity of traction.In order to make the structure vertical, a plumb line and a building level should be used. Wooden slats are usually installed along the edges, then you no longer have to worry about the verticality of the walls.
Work on the chimney
When building an outdoor stove with your own hands, special attention should be paid to the chimney - it is usually made modular. It is very simple to install it, besides, it effectively removes smoke. This system is implemented in hardware stores and has a thermal insulation layer.
To start the installation of this node is necessary from the furnace. Elements are fixed so that no gaps and cracks are formed. In order to ensure convenient cleaning of the chimney in the future, the connections should be freely available so that they can be disassembled on demand and then reconnected. The chimney is mounted outside with special brackets.
If you have already figured out which type of stove to choose, then you should take a closer look at the technology of its construction, as well as the features of finishing work. The latter can be performed by one of the many techniques.Facing will allow to protect a design from an ultraviolet and rainfall.
It can be done with tiles or tiles. To do this, the surface is pre-plastered. The lining technology depends on the chosen material. For tiles, for example, wire pins should be provided between the bricks, the first of which are laid during the construction phase. It is possible and not to finish the walls at all, if the furnace complex is made of brick and installed under a canopy. After all, when the work is done by an experienced master, the laying is very attractive.