Patriarchal family: the crisis in the traditional structure of society
As you know, families are of different types. In some, the husband’s opinion is considered to be the only correct one; he must be respected and obey him without question. In others, everything happens the other way round: the woman, as a continuer of the clan, is the main authority. And yet the most common until recently was the first of these types - the patriarchal. Tell you more about it.
The patriarchal family is the cell of the society in which the man predominates. She, as a rule, consists of several generations of close relatives who live under the same roof and share a common life. In the time of Ivan the Terrible, one of the ministers of the church wrote a “guide” on how to properly manage the household and build family relations. This book has become almost a set of laws, immutable rules that were supposed to follow family members.It was called “Domostroy” and included many instructions and even limitations, most of which were intended for women. Men were given some freedom.
The patriarchal family is one of the most ancient forms of rallying people. In fact, it represents the dependence of a wife on her husband and children on her parents. The primacy of a man is explained by his role in the family. He is a provider of livelihood, and his wife only organizes life. Children are brought up in strictness and respect for their parents.
Features of this type of family
Let us designate the difference between the patriarchal family. The signs of it are as follows: the primacy of the man, the economic superiority of the head of the family over the spouse and the clearly pronounced separation of male and female responsibilities regarding the organization of the way of life.
In such a cell of society there can be no talk of spouses exchanging roles. For example, a husband will never keep a household, and a wife will not work.
There are some other features that distinguish the patriarchal family. Signs of these are based on the fact that after the wedding, the son brings his wife into the house. Newlyweds do not live separately.They become part of the family, where the head of the family - the oldest male of the clan - is their authority.
It is this type of social cell that is built on respect and reverence for elders. No wonder that in all countries where the traditional patriarchal family prevailed in different historical epochs, councils of elders often gathered to discuss all the pressing problems.
Functions of this type of family
Let us turn to the characteristics of other features of this type of social unit. The patriarchal type of family performs many functions. These include reproductive, educational, ideological and others. But one of the main is the economic function. She was the basis of family survival.
Economic efficiency was achieved through the complete subordination of the wife to her husband. Often the personal desires of family members and even feelings were not a priority. The main goal was to achieve and maintain financial stability. A large number of people living under the same roof contributed to harmonious housekeeping, as well as greater profits.
The patriarchal family is one of the most stable cells in society.Changing feelings for a partner could not be a reason for divorce. Especially characteristic of this type of family was for the Christian worldview. Those who were going to get married fastened their marriage vow in the church and believed that they were responsible for it before God. Thus, the divorce was practically excluded.
The current state of the patriarchal family
In a post-industrial society, the patriarchal family has practically ceased to exist. This is due to the emancipation of women, the ability to make money on their own, to be economically independent from men. Because of this, the norms of marriage and the functions that spouses perform in the family have changed. The attitude of children towards their parents has also changed. Increasingly, older family members are faced with disrespect.
On the other hand, the development and change of social foundations brought to the fore the role of the individual. Each person has become more valuable, regardless of the people around him, everyone has the opportunity to achieve what he wants. Today, an individual, through his activities, can change his own social status, which was impossible a few centuries ago.