Pericarditis- acute or chronic inflammation of the pericardium (pericardium, outer sheath of the heart). Distinguish between dry (adhesive, including constrictive - squeezing) and effusion (exudative) pericarditis.
Pericarditis can be caused by infections (viruses, bacteria, mycobacterium tuberculosis, fungi, protozoa, rickettsia), rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, myocardial infarction, uremia, trauma (including surgery), radiation, tumors, avitaminosis C, and B1. The mechanism of pericarditis is often allergic or autoimmune.
Apply nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (aspirin, reopirin, ibuprofen, indomethacin, etc.), in severe cases - glucocorticoid hormones (prednisone). With infectious pericarditis - antibiotics. With the threat of tamponade produce pericardial puncture. Heart failure is treated (diuretics, peripheral vasodilators, verochpyrope, bleeding). With constrictive and purulent process, surgical intervention is possible.
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