Potassium iodide: instructions, application
For diseases of the thyroid gland, fungal lesions of the eyes and many other ailments associated with iodine deficiency, many prescribe expensive drug therapy. Patients buy drugs, leaving in pharmacies unbearable amounts for the family budget. But only a few know that the alternative to such medicines is the affordable domestic analogue - “Potassium iodide”, or potassium iodide.
Let's try to understand in more detail, for what ailments you can use this medication.
Crystalline bitter and salty powder at the same time, which has no pronounced smell. Storage conditions of potassium iodide involve the use of closed glass containers, as it actively absorbs moisture from the external environment. It is well dissolved both in water and alcohol, and in liquid glycerin.
To date, the drug is available in three basic forms. In any pharmacy you can buy tablets (0.5, 0.25, 0.125 and 0.04 g), a solution in glass vials and in 10 ml containers (eye drops).
The tool has a good anti-sclerotic and resorption effect, therefore, is widely used in ophthalmology. It is prescribed for diabetes, hypertension, and degenerative myopia for resorption of subconjunctival hemorrhages. When used topically, the drug Iodide Potassium acts as an antiseptic and antifungal drug. It is also worth noting another important function - to prevent the accumulation of radioactive iodine in the thyroid gland.
In addition to the active ingredient, the drug consists of sodium chloride, chlorhexidine diacetate, purified water and sodium thiosulfate. Thanks to these components, after the ingestion of an agent in the eye bag, iodides actively spread throughout the structure of the organ of vision. A little later they are absorbed, so that the desired level of concentration is achieved. Through the nasal ducts iodides enter the bloodstream. As for the removal of the drug from the body, it is worth noting that this process is very slow, since the active substance is not metabolized.
Scope of application
Quite often, this medicine is prescribed to people suffering from hyperthyroidism and endemic goiter, as well as other iodine deficiency disorders of the thyroid gland.In addition, the drug is used in the preparation of operations for thyrotoxicosis. It is also used as a prophylactic measure against the thyroid gland.
As an auxiliary component of the complex therapy, the drug “Potassium iodide” is prescribed for syphilis. Mainly the role of the drug is antiseptic and antibacterial effects on pathogenic microorganisms. When using this medication recovery occurs much faster.
Since iodine is an indispensable trace element for the proper functioning of all systems of vital activity of the body, the preparation “Potassium Iodide” has found application in many areas of medicine. It is prescribed for thyroid disease, inflammation of the airways and even for bronchial asthma.
As for eye drops, their use is indicated for various ailments of the organs of sight, such as cataracts, corneal clouding, hemorrhages, conjunctiva, and fungal diseases of the cornea.
How to take medicine?
The drug in the form of solutions, tablets and mixtures are taken orally.Regardless of the form of the medication, it is recommended to drink it with copious amounts of liquid. To prevent irritation of the gastrointestinal tract, instead of water, it is better to use kissel, milk or just sweet tea.
Since the tablets and the solution of potassium iodide do not have age contraindications, they are often prescribed to children. However, before you start taking the drug, parents should take care of the safety of the child and get advice from a doctor. The specialist will explain in detail the features of the use of the medicine and prescribe auxiliary medicines to maintain the intestinal flora.
Since the drug "Potassium Iodide" has a wide range of applications, its dosage in each case can have significant differences. Thus, patients with endemic goiter are advised to take 1 time per week at 0.04 g. For effective treatment of diffuse goiter, 0.12 g is prescribed, divided into three doses, daily or 0.125 twice per day.
For the dilution of sputum for respiratory diseases use the medicine in the form of a solution. It takes 2-3 tbsp. spoons 2-4 times a day.
Potassium iodide is also used in the treatment of syphilis. The manual contains information that the drug helps to reduce pain and resolves infiltrates. Patients are recommended to take the medicine three times a day after meals and 1 tbsp. a spoon.
In fungal diseases of the lungs (actinomycosis), relatively large dosages are indicated. 4 times a day, patients should take 1 tbsp. spoon 20% solution.
With regard to ophthalmic practice, in this area use the drug as a "absorbable" means. So, Potassium Iodide (drops) is instilled directly into the conjunctival sac three times a day, 2 drops each. The course of treatment is 14-15 days, but in some cases may be extended.
If we talk about the threat of exposure to the thyroid gland, the drug is used as a preventive therapy. At the same time, both children and adults are prescribed 0.125 g daily. If such prevention is required for crumbs up to two years, then they need to be given 0.04 g of medication once a day. The course of treatment should continue until the threat disappears.
Potassium iodide can get rid of many diseases, but, despite this, not everyone can use it.For example, it is not recommended to use the medicine during lactation and pregnancy, because there is no data on the effect of the active substance on the development of the crumbs.
Do not prescribe the drug for nephrosis, nephritis, pulmonary tuberculosis, increased sensitivity to iodine, even eye drops are prohibited in these cases. Potassium iodide is also contraindicated in hemorrhagic diathesis and skin diseases such as pyoderma, acne, furunculosis and urticaria.
However, it is worth noting that these contraindications are not taken into account if there is a threat of active exposure to radioactive isotopes of iodine.
What can be side effects?
When taking the drug systemically, the risk of various body reactions is very high. So, if the medicine is taken internally, discomfort may appear in the epigastric region. Possible manifestations of iodism: inflammation of the mucous membranes.