Pubertal age in boys and girls: features
No matter how much man imagines himself, he is still a biological creature, and in this sense is not much different from other mammals. To be born, to grow up, to become an independent unit of the population, to ensure the survival of the species - this, in fact, is the whole set of functions of every living organism on this planet.
Hormonal menu: estrogens and androgens
Nature cares for the continuation of the human race in its own way. It is within the framework of this event that each of us experiences the so-called pubertal age - the period of puberty.
Normally, its course is determined by genetics and extremely little depends on the wishes and preferences of the host. Primary sexual characteristics are formed in the womb, and in the future wealth of choice is not expected.
Hormones are produced, converted and used by the human body constantly. Pubertal age is a time when a real “endocrine revolution” occurs in the body of a young man.The amount of hormones produced is enormous, each of them regulates a particular process, they overlap each other, sometimes leading to funny effects that many teenagers find tragic, although they are normal and explainable from a physiological point of view.
When will maturity begin
Children change greatly during puberty. The age of his onset is determined on average: 11-12 years for girls and 12-13 for boys. In principle, future ladies already at ten and a half begin to feel the effect of sex hormones. Due to this, girls at this time are developing faster and looking down on classmates, who are inferior to them in growth and “adulthood” hobbies.
On average, boys “wake up” later and develop longer: if young ladies are fully formed by seventeen, then the boys will complete their development only by the age of 20-23.
If we consider that the growth of the body stops when puberty ends, it is easy to explain that men are much larger: they just grow longer.
In fact, of course, it's not just that. Changes in the body of girls and boys dictate different substances.For the representatives of the weaker half of humanity, estrogens are characteristic, which are not in vain called "female" hormones: under their influence the breast and uterus grow, mucous membranes, ovaries, and fallopian tubes are improved.
It is they who "mold" the figure of Marilyn Monroe, who is considered the standard of girlish attractiveness: wide hips and chest, narrow flexible waist. The female body begins to be more careful with adipose tissue, “putting it off” in the right places: shoulders, lower abdomen, buttocks.
Androgens are responsible for the development of boys (including the well-known testosterone). They provoke the rapid development of genital organs, the growth of the skeleton and muscle mass, as well as an increased secretion of sebum, which often leads to the appearance of acne so annoying for young individuals.
Different but similar
It must be borne in mind that the predominance of female hormones in the girl's body does not mean the absence of male in it (and vice versa). It is the androgens “guilty” of the fact that hair appears on the body of young men and women.
Male-headed hair growth is called rhomboid - hairs, taking pubis, climb up the belly, forming a rhombus.Women have a sharp boundary between vegetation and belly. Increased maiden "shaggy" may indicate an overabundance of male hormones and is a reason for referring to an endocrinologist.
The awkward appearance, angularity and clumsiness of adolescents is a normal phenomenon and is due to the physiological processes in their body. During this period, it is very important to eat properly and to reasonably approach physical activities, since an imbalance in the formation of organs can lead to problems in the future.
The growth of various tissues is uneven. Bones grow first, then muscles grow, then vessels and nerve fibers. Parts of the body also develop not so harmoniously: the feet and hands begin to actively lengthen, after them - in fact, the limbs, the face changes, and lastly - the body.
What are boys made of?
Another “gift” of puberty is a “breaking” voice. In girls, this is painless: their larynx changes insignificantly. Whether the puberty is a matter of boys: the formation of the Adam's apple and the rapid growth of the vocal cords lead to the fact that the young man starts to bang no worse than Shalyapin, or breaks into a funny treble.Such betrayals of his own body can deprive a young man of self-confidence, especially since this is not all the trouble.
Androgens are engaged in physiological changes that affect the psyche. When the boy is 12 years old (the average age at the beginning of puberty in boys), the testicles first increase and the penis begins to grow gradually (the rates are purely individual, so you shouldn’t start measuring yourself at a young age).
The young man begins to be much more interested in the opposite sex - but not at the behest of the soul, but under the influence of physiology. He has spontaneous erections, often at a completely inappropriate moment. At night, the young man enjoys erotic visions, and in the morning finds spots on the sheet - this is an absolutely normal phenomenon called pollutions.
Genitals are actively preparing for the production and "release" of sperm. They need training, so they force the owner to take the most active life position in this regard.
Boys start to masturbate (within reason it is absolutely harmless), and sometimes they find their first partner (or partner).As a rule, these are older women: peers are still little interested in such things, their physiology does not force anything of the kind, although girls' puberty is also associated with a lot of changes.
Features of growing up girls
First, under the influence of the hormone prolactin (it is secreted by the pituitary gland - a tiny gland the size of a hazelnut located in the brain) begins to grow in the chest. Sometimes this process causes painful sensations, but in the overwhelming majority of cases it is almost imperceptible at first.
Hair appears on the body, mucous membrane is actively formed (transparent discharge may appear from the vagina), menstruation begins. Female hormones, unlike the male, cyclical. During the monthly cycle, the female body is controlled by different hormones, and each of them, so to speak, “pulls the blanket over itself.” Thanks to this, women are more prone to mood swings, heightened emotionality, and even hysteria.
At the very beginning of puberty, girls are still children. Puberty does not mean readiness for reproduction.In the first six months or a year since the onset of menstruation, the egg may not even stand out (in general or in some cases).
The condition of the other organs - the internal muscles, the musculoskeletal system, etc., is also completely unprepared for carrying a baby. Nevertheless, the probability of pregnancy is, therefore, early onset of sexual activity (especially illiterate and irresponsible) is highly undesirable.
Sexual and personal maturation
Psychologists constantly insist on the need to distinguish between psychological maturity and puberty: the age crisis accompanying adolescents at this time is not only physiological, but also psychic, due to many factors - and not all of them are related to puberty.
At this time, a person is formed not only as a biological unit, but also as a person.
In addition to the secondary and primary sexual characteristics, the brain also improves - at this time children are able to more fully and multidimensionally perceive the world around them, process the information received, etc. In the process of studying, hormonal changes are only a hindrance.They distract from the book, force them to completely unproductive activities like gagging on the bench instead of preparing lessons or sighing for various “objects of passion”, which can be both distant Hollywood actors and the inaccessible beauty (handsome) from a parallel class.
Psychology of adolescents
For sensitive parents and experienced teachers, the ongoing puberty crisis of adolescence will not go unnoticed. At this time, it is difficult for the younger generation to concentrate. The girls soar in the clouds, the young men show excessive activity, bordering on aggressiveness.
This behavior, of course, annoys others, even the closest ones. At this time, the authority of some “ropes” is many times greater than the influence of the parents. At this point, you need to prepare in advance, earning "whists" from your beloved offspring.
Experienced parents claim that the critical age to which the “ancestors” of the girls must have time is 10 years, the boys - 12.
Close and trusting relationships in the family, of course, will help to survive this puberty, which is not easy for everyone: it’s still good if an adequate and benevolent parent can dispel some of the fears of her rapidly growing child.
The total employment of adults, the lack of interest in the problems of the younger generation lead to the fact that they are looking for answers to burning questions in forums on the Internet or among equally “informed” peers.
It sounds banal, but if there is any doubt that everything is in order, the doctor will be the best adviser. Most of the problems that young people experience during puberty are minor and can be easily corrected.