Sciences about the world and its development
Almost from the first stages of originhuman life on Earth, there was a person's contact with the surrounding world. People began to be interested in the origin of the universe and its development. Initially, this area was a mystery to them, sometimes frightening or elated. Over time, there were sciences about the surrounding world, which dealt with its study and study of the phenomena that occur in it.
The terrain of the earth, precipices, mountains and volcanoespeople were horrified and aroused curiosity. Every year a person accumulated knowledge about what surrounds him. Thus, a modern picture of the world took shape. All knowledge of the surrounding reality from year to year was classified and divided into certain categories. So there were sciences about the surrounding world.
The development of technical means made it possible to study the cosmos, nature and other components of the environment more thoroughly.
At each stage, new data appears, whichchange people's perception of what is happening around us. Therefore, the sciences of the surrounding world are subject to constant changes and contain information characteristic of this era. Many incomprehensible facts cease to be a mystery to mankind.
This can be traced on the basis of people's knowledge ofstructure of the universe. Initially, they represented it in the form of an island that was surrounded by water. The sky was considered a dome with a solid surface, on which there are heavenly bodies. The bowels of the earth were considered the realm of dead people, and the space outside the dome was the abode of the gods.
Such ideas about the environment todayseem ridiculous. But at that time people did not have the opportunity to study it more thoroughly. The knowledge obtained in the future changed the sciences about the world around us. People began to advance the idea that the Earth has a round shape. Then these hypotheses were confirmed in practice.
Mankind is engaged in studying the surroundingpeace comprehensively. Biology considers all the living organisms that exist on the planet. This science is divided into several areas. Botany studies the plant world in all its diversity. Zoology studies the animal world. Anatomy is the science of the structure of man. In turn, each of these areas is divided into smaller categories.
Other sciences study all aspects of the environment around usof the world. Space and the universe are the most unexplored area. Technical progress does not yet allow us to fully study this issue. Therefore, science is in constant development.
Earth's bowels are also studied by people. Here, a person acts as a consumer, and therefore seeks new opportunities for extracting resources.
The world ocean also refers to objects that have not yet been fully explored.
Natural phenomena are of no less interest. Some facts from modern life have disagreements with existing ideas about the world around us. Scientists around the world are studying the abnormal phenomena occurring around. So there is a new idea of what surrounds us.
The picture of the world is information about all its components and their properties.
In humans, the concept of nature and its functionsis formed not only on the basis of technically obtained information. An important role here is played by the senses. It is with their help that we get the initial information, which is supplemented or refuted by means of instruments. This is the practical side of knowledge about the surrounding reality.
The picture of the world will constantly change as we gostudying all the components that are present in it. Therefore, the sciences of the surrounding world will be updated and supplemented with new information and facts. Mankind gradually learns something that was previously inaccessible, and makes new discoveries.