Shivers are ...? The meaning of the word "droshky"

Reading and understanding the works of Russianclassical literature is sometimes complicated by the fact that the text uses words that come out of everyday life and are unfamiliar to the ordinary reader. One such word is the name of an obsolete droshky vehicle. The meaning of this word is necessary to find out and remember, since it often appears in the most famous works of writers of the XIX century - IS Turgenev, NV Gogol, AS Pushkin and others.

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The word "droshky" is actively used not only inclassical literature, but also in the works of contemporary writers and writers of the twentieth century (V. Kataev, B. Vasiliev, etc.) to designate the corresponding subject or create a special color and artistic effect.

Etymology (origin) of the word

There is no single point of view onthe origin of the obsolete word "droshky" to date. It, according to the etymological dictionary of M. Fasmer, came from the word "drogue" - a beam that connects the front and back of the trolley. However, other variants are possible: until now the word "droshka" is used in the Ukrainian language (it is used in the singular and meaning "cart"), close in meaning and sound composition to the Russian word "droshky". There is a version that in Ukrainian the word came from the Polish "girlfriend" - "cart", in the same way the word could come to the Russian language.

Dictionary of D. Ushakov

According to the explanatory dictionary Ushakov, "droshky"this is a light wagon (with the transport one horse handled) on four wheels. The word does not have the singular form, is always used in the plural (compare with the word "sleigh"), is obsolete, that is, it calls the object of everyday life, which emerges from everyday life.

Dictionary of SI Ozhegov

Explanatory dictionary Ozhegova gives a little morevalue. The shards are an easy open spring carriage. The word "spring" in this case indicates that the wheels of the crew are equipped with springs, or springs, providing a soft running.droshky value

Dictionary of EFremova

A similar meaning is contained in the explanatory dictionaryEphraim. According to him, the droshky is an easy crew on the springs, designed for one or two passengers. The researcher also points out that the word is used only in the plural form.

Synonym dictionary

For a more precise definition of the meaning of the word, you can refer to the dictionary of synonyms. Close in value to "droshky" are the words "caliber", "stroller", "crew".

Based on the values ​​presented in variouslinguistic dictionaries, we conclude that droshky is a special kind of stroller or crew (along with a tent, tarantass) designed to carry one or two people and is characterized by a smooth running.

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