Tansy - application and beneficial properties
This plant is widely used in medicine, both traditional and folk. Common tansy is found not only in wild meadows, but also in some private plots. This beautiful medicinal plant has long been used in landscape design.
Common tansy (description)
This is a perennial herb of the Astrov family. The plant tansy can reach 50-150 cm in height. It has a hibernating, slightly branched rhizome. Its erect, branched stems at the bottom are often woody, so this plant is sometimes referred to as shrubs. The tansy is covered with pinnate leaves with alternate leaves with a characteristic (balsamic) smell. They often have sticky secretions. Flower baskets are collected in thyroid inflorescences. They can be both dense and loose. Tansy blooms from July to September. This makes it a very attractive ornamental plant.Bright yellow flowers of tansy can decorate with themselves any flower garden. Its dark green leaves are also very beautiful. This unpretentious plant is easily propagated by seeds that begin to ripen in August. They are oblong. Their length reaches 1.8 mm.
Types of Tansy
Common tansy, the botanical description of which fits most of the other plants of this family similar to it, is used by people everywhere. There are many other varieties of such herbs. So, according to some data, there are more than 50 of them. Tansy is found in different countries of Asia, America and Europe, differing in a temperate climate. In Russia, there are about 40 species of this plant. This grass can be found almost everywhere and on any soil. It grows in the steppe and mountainous areas, floodplains and even in the tundra.
The most common type is common tansy. Where does this species grow? This weed, found along roads, in wastelands, in meadows, has long been used by people as a medicine.
In the flower baskets of tansy contains 1.5-2% of essential oils.They include bicyclic monoteprenes, such as alpha-thujone (up to 47%), camphor, beta-thujone, borneol, tuyol, pinene. They also have a large variety of flavonoid compounds. Principal among them are luteolin, acacetin, apigenin, isorhamnetin, quercetin. In the inflorescence there are phenolcarboxylic acids, bitterness (tanacetin) and tannins. Organic acids, terpenes, alkaloids, vitamin C have been found in the composition of tansy. By its chemical composition, this herb can compete with many drugs. Unfortunately, in traditional medicine it is not too actively used. Common tansy, the use of which is due to its chemical composition, is in demand as a medicinal, food and spicy plant.
Use in medicine
Inflorescences of tansy, even after drying, retain their bright color. All parts of this plant have healing properties, so not only flowers, but also leaves and seeds can be used as a medicinal raw material. For the treatment of raw materials begin to collect when the grass begins to bloom. Inflorescences are selected having recesses in the center.Baskets are cut with a peduncle, the length of which does not exceed 4-5 cm. They dry the raw materials in dryers, in attics or under a shed. The temperature should not be more than 40 degrees.
Common tansy, the use of which is necessarily carried out under the supervision of the attending physician, is used for various diseases. If you use this plant for hepatitis, you can reduce the amount of mucus that collects in the bile. Medicinal properties of tansy due to the presence in it of a large number of active substances. That is why taking drugs from this plant is able to tone up the muscle fibers of the gastrointestinal tract, which has a beneficial effect on the enhancement of its secretion. Infusion of tansy has a positive effect on the functioning of the cardiovascular system. He is able to increase blood pressure. It also increases the amplitude of contractions of the heart muscle, which has been proven by scientists in a series of experiments conducted on animals.
For centuries, tansy was considered one of the best antihelminthic drugs. Its effectiveness in this regard is due to the presence in its tissues of an essential oil, which acts destructively not only on helminths, but also on various microbes.This substance is toxic, so tansy should be taken with extreme caution.
Substances contained in tansy, determine its therapeutic properties:
• wound healing;
• antipyretic, etc.
Application of tansy
Common tansy, the use of which should be done carefully, contributes to the scarring of gastric ulcers. For this purpose, the infusion of this plant is used 3 p. 100 ml per day.
Fresh tansy juice is effective for such ailments:
• post tuberculous intoxication;
• painful and heavy menstruation;
It is widely recognized and its pronounced hypnotic effect. Preparations from tansy flowers are used as an effective choleretic agent. Its effectiveness in this case is due to the presence of a large number of flavonoids in this herb. With the help of this plant, diseases such as enterobiosis, hepatitis, hypacidic gastritis, colitis, cholecystitis, ascariasis, hypotension, nervous agitation are treated.Warm compresses of decoctions and infusions of tansy are used for gout, long healing and festering wounds.
All aboveground parts of this plant have insecticidal properties, so it is often used to repel insects. It is used in the fight against cockroaches, moths, flies, bedbugs. Increased efficiency differs evaporated decoction of tansy, mixed with sugar or sweet syrup.
Tansy Dosage Forms
For the treatment of various diseases, inflorescences and leaves of plants are used, from which powders, tinctures, tinctures, decoctions and even aromatic oil are made. In some cases, use the juice of the plant, which is mixed with sugar syrup.
Infusions and decoctions of tansy are prepared from the same amount of raw materials. The following proportions are most often applied: 2 tbsp. spoons of dried flowers take 0.5 liters of water. To obtain infusions, raw materials are poured with boiling water, and for decoctions - with water at room temperature and brought to a boil.
For the preparation of alcohol tinctures, 25 g of dried inflorescences pour 100 ml of vodka in a glass container with a tight lid. Insist means for 10 days in a dark place. At the same time it is stirred daily.The finished tincture is filtered and stored in a cool place away from sunlight.
Powder made from tansy flowers is used by mixing it with sugar syrup or honey for treating helminth infections (3 g 3 p. Per day). Also used for this and tansy seeds. They are crushed to a powdery state and take 3 g 3 r. in a day.
Treatment of some diseases with tansy
For the treatment of various diseases used infusions and decoctions of tansy. Below are the most popular recipes whose effectiveness has been proven over the years:
• To expel pinworms and ascaris apply such a tool: 1 tbsp. a spoonful of flowers of tansy, chamomile and bitter wormwood pour 300 ml of water and bring to a boil. The broth is cooled, add crushed clove of garlic and for 3 hours, insist under the lid. The finished tool is filtered and used as microclysters, which make before going to bed. This is done because after them you can not get up at least 40 minutes. A positive result from this procedure is achieved already 1-3 days after the start of treatment.
• To get rid of worms and other parasites, you can take 1 tbsp for 3 days. spoon infusion of tansy. Drink it 20 minutes before meals 3 p. in a day.After the last dose of this drug is recommended to take some laxative drug. An excellent result is the combination of internal reception with microclysters from tansy decoction.
• For the treatment of joint pain and rheumatism, wine infused on inflorescences is used. For its preparation, 50 g of raw material is poured 700 ml of nutmeg wine, and then the agent is drawn for 8 days. The finished drug is filtered and drunk after a meal of 30 ml.
• Excellent result in the fight against dandruff gives a decoction of this herb. This can be used not only inflorescences, but also other parts of the plant. For its preparation 2 tbsp. spoons of raw materials pour 500 ml of water, and then quickly bring it to a boil, filter and cool to a warm state. This broth rinse hair after washing. This procedure, performed 2-3 times a week, will not only help get rid of dandruff, but also strengthen the hair roots and accelerate their growth.
• Broth from inflorescences (1 table spoon of tansy per 200 ml of water), used externally, helps with radiculitis, abrasions, dislocations, bruises, wounds, eczema. To this end, gauze compresses are applied to the affected areas.Pre-impregnated with warm broth. This procedure is performed daily to improve the condition of the person and cure skin diseases.
• Infusion of this plant is taken with migraines, headaches, neuralgia. It is also effective in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, gallbladder, liver. It is also taken for jaundice, enterocolitis, gastric ulcer, flatulence, chronic constipation and other diseases.
The use of tinctures
• Infusion of tansy increases appetite, improves digestion, and has a mild laxative effect. To improve the digestive tract and take alcohol tincture of inflorescences. It is taken before eating 30 drops of 3 p. in a day.
• Alcohol tincture is used for stomatitis. To this end, 1 teaspoon of the drug is diluted in a glass of boiled water. This solution is used for daily rinsing of the oral cavity.
The use of tansy in gynecology
The tansy ordinary found broad application and in gynecology. It is used in the treatment of whiter, menstrual disorders. For therapeutic purposes, decoctions and infusions are ingested and used for douching.
Common tansy, the application in medicine which is very active, has its own contraindications. Drugs from it cannot be used during pregnancy, because they act as an abortifacient. It is also strictly forbidden to use this plant to young children, since it is considered poorly offensive. You should also not use tansy during lactation.
You can not use the funds from this herb for a long time, since the substance thujone contained in it is toxic and with prolonged use can accumulate in the body. Every day you can take no more than 0.5 liters of infusion or decoction of inflorescences of tansy.