The death of Dyatlov group in 1959: the most mysterious event in the history of the USSR
The small mountain Kholat-Syakhyl in the north of the Ural has long been a bad name. Its name in the language of the local Aborigines - Mansi - means "Mountain of the Dead." The legend tells about 9 hunters who died here in ancient times.
Since then, a curse dominates the mountain: if there are 9 people on it, death awaits them. The Mansi laughed at the superstitions, but in February 1959 the legend recalled itself: on the mountainside, for unknown reasons, 9 young tourists, headed by Igor Dyatlov, were killed. The mystery of this tragedy has not yet been unraveled ... Judging by the latest records in the diaries of the participants of the campaign, Dyatlov’s group reached the slope of Holat-Syakhyl on February 1 and settled down for the night. What happened next is unknown. Rescuers found a group tent with food, equipment and ... shoes. Judging by the remaining tracks, the tourists suddenly left their refuge, not having time to put on their shoes and even get fully dressed.After a long search, rescuers found the bodies, they were located almost on a straight line from the tent for more than 1.5 kilometers. Everyone was struck by the unnatural color of the skin of the deceased - orange-red. Some bodies were terribly disfigured: one of the girls did not have eyes and tongue, two young men had broken ribs, the third had a skull pierced. What happened?
According to one version, the tourists left the tent because of a sudden avalanche from the mountainside. The snow layer collapsed at night, taking the group by surprise. This explains the serious injuries of several tourists, the mess in clothes (they grabbed the first thing that came to hand) and the hasty evacuation from the danger zone. The version is good, but ... implausible. None of the rescuers, among whom were a lot of experienced climbers, saw neither traces of an avalanche, nor a snow "slab" that crushed the tent. On the contrary, the tourists chose a good place for the tent, set it up professionally. It could not collapse on sleeping “dyatlovtsev” - avalanche danger simply did not exist.
Conflict with hunters?
The first suspects were local Mansi hunters.According to investigators, they quarreled with tourists and attacked them. One inflicted severe injuries, others managed to escape and then died from hypothermia. Several Mansi were arrested, but they categorically denied their guilt. It is not known how their fate would have happened (the law enforcement agencies of those years were perfectly skilled in obtaining recognition), but the examination established that the cuts on the tourists' tent were made not from the outside, but from the inside. Not the attackers "lomili" in the tent, and the tourists themselves sought to get out of it. In addition, no extraneous traces around the tent were found, supplies remained intact (and they were of considerable value to the Mansi). Therefore, the hunters had to let go.
Error special forces MIA?
One of the versions of conspiracy therapists: the Dyatlov group was liquidated by the special unit of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, which was pursuing the escaped prisoners (I must say, there were quite a few “zones” in the northern Urals). At night, the special forces encountered in the forest with tourists, took them for "cons" and killed. At the same time, for some reason, the mysterious special forces did not use either cold arms or firearms: there were no puncture or bullet wounds on the body of the dead.In addition, it is known that in the 50s. Prisoners who escaped at night in the forest wilderness were not usually pursued - too much risk. They handed over orientations to the authorities in the nearest populated areas and waited: you could not last long in the forest without supplies, the fugitives had to go to “civilization”. And most importantly! Investigators requested information about the escapes of the “prisoners” from the surrounding “zones”. It turned out that in late January - early February there were no shoots. Therefore, there was no one to catch spetsnaz on Kholat-Syakhyl.
Elimination of witnesses?
But the conspiracy therapists are not appealing: there were no special forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, which means that there was a “special forces of the KGB”, and Dyatlov’s group was eliminated as undesirable witnesses of testing some kind of secret weapon. But why should the all-powerful KGB create so many difficulties for itself: allow dozens of rescuers to enter the testing ground for a “super-weapon”, allow them to carefully examine the terrain? Isn't it easier to announce that an avalanche has covered the tourists and not to allow any investigations? Then there would not have been the legends about the “mystery of the Dyatlov group” that would stir the imagination - only a few lines of a newspaper obituary would remain. Since 1959a lot of people died in the mountains, do we remember many today?
Agents of foreign intelligence agencies?
And here is the most "exotic" version: it turns out that the Dyatlov group was liquidated ... by foreign agents! Why? To disrupt the KGB operation: after all, the student hike was only a cover for the “controlled delivery” of radioactive clothing to enemy agents. Explanations of this amazing theory are not without wit. It is known that investigators found traces of a radioactive substance on the clothes of the three dead tourists. Conspiracy therapists have linked this fact with the biography of one of the dead - Georgy Krivonischenko. He worked in the closed city of the nuclear scientists Ozersk (Chelyabinsk-40), where plutonium was produced for atomic bombs. Samples of radioactive clothing provided invaluable information for foreign intelligence.
Krivonischenko, who worked for the KGB, was supposed to meet with enemy agents at Mount Holat-Sakhyl and hand them over to radioactive "material." But Krivonischenko “punctured” something, and then the agents of the enemy, noticing traces, destroyed the entire Vyatlov group. The murderers acted with sophistication: threatening with a weapon, but not using it (they did not want to leave traces), they drove the young people out of the tent into the frost without shoes, to certain death.For some time the saboteurs waited, then followed the tracks behind the group and brutally finished off those who did not freeze. Thriller, and more! And now - ponder. How could the KGB officers plan a “controlled supply” in remote areas that they did not control? Where they could neither observe the operation nor insure their agent? Absurd. And where did the spies in the Ural forests come from, where was their base? Only the invisible man will not "light up" in small neighboring villages: their inhabitants know each other by sight and immediately pay attention to strangers. And why did the foes, who conceived the clever staging of the death of tourists from hypothermia, suddenly become mad and began to torture their victims - to break the ribs, to pull out the tongue, eyes? And how did these invisible maniacs get away from the pursuit of the omnipresent KGB? Conspiracy theologians do not have an answer to all these questions.
Testing nuclear weapons or ballistic missiles?
Having dealt with the enemy's machinations, let us consider the version of the secret test of nuclear weapons in the area where the Dyatlov group is staying (this is how they try to explain the traces of radiation on the clothes of the victims). Alas, from October 1958 to September 1961The USSR did not conduct any nuclear explosions, respecting the Soviet-American treaty on a moratorium on such tests. Both we and the Americans carefully monitored the observance of “nuclear silence”. In addition, with an atomic explosion, traces of radiation would be on all members of the group, but the examination recorded radioactivity only on the clothes of three tourists. Some “experts” explain the unnatural orange-red color of the skin and clothes of the deceased by the fall of the Dyatlov group in the Soviet R-7 ballistic missile: allegedly it frightened tourists, and the fumes, having appeared on clothes and skin, caused such a strange reaction. But rocket fuel does not "paint" a person, but instantly kills. Tourists would die near their tent. In addition, as established by the investigation, no rocket launches from the Baikonur cosmodrome were conducted from January 25 to February 5, 1959.
A forensic examination, examining the nature of injuries inflicted on members of the group, concluded that they "are very similar to the trauma that occurred during an air blast wave." Looking around the area, investigators found traces of fire on some trees.It seemed as if some unknown force had selectively influenced the dead and the trees. In the late 1920s. scientists were able to assess the effects of exposure to a similar natural phenomenon. It was in the area of the fall of the Tunguska meteorite. According to the memoirs of the participants of the expedition, badly burnt trees in the epicenter of the explosion could be located next to the survivors. Scientists could not logically explain such a strange "selectivity" of the flame. They could not find out all the details and the investigators in the case of “dyatlovtsy”: on May 28, 1959 a command came from “above” - close the case, classify all materials and hand them over to the special archive. The final conclusion of the investigation turned out to be rather vague: “It should be considered that the cause of the death of tourists was the elemental force that people were unable to overcome.”
The mystery of the Dyatlov group was never solved. From time to time, researchers climb the "Mountain of the Dead" in search of answers. But even the most desperate extreme lovers never decide to go to Kholat Sahyl by a group of 9 people.