The profession of the worker. Professions: list. List of working professions
The profession of a worker today has lost its popularity. People with secondary special and technical education face many difficulties both in society and in employment. Let us try to prove that having a “working” profession is not only interesting and in demand, but also useful for society and quite profitable!
Let's turn a little back
Let's look into the past century of our country. Then began the massive building of cities with high-rise buildings, old ones were restored and new plants of various production appeared, the profession of the worker was ever more popular ... This was due to the fact that very few people had the opportunity to obtain higher education, and in the difficult post-war time, first wanted to provide themselves financially , but only later, if there was time, to study.
Then, the profession of the worker was considered honorable, worthy of being paid for, encouraged in every way by the state (housing, all sorts of benefits, social assistance, etc.). However, with the advent of affordable and affordable for all higher education people working classes began to be referred to as the "working class". They simply ceased to be respected and appreciated ...
Why has the worker's profession lost its high position among other crafts?
For the current situation there are a number of reasons, let us list them:
- Accessibility of education in higher education institutions (moreover, this has its pros and cons);
- deterioration of the conditions for work at various industrial enterprises (reduction of posts, lowering of remuneration, inadequate working conditions, etc.);
- weak involvement of schoolchildren for training in technical schools and colleges (there is no decent advertising for this kind of professions);
- negative images of laborers were established in society (positive characters and heroes of these professions are needed).
These reasons still exist and will exist, little is being done to eliminate them. The profession of a worker, more than ever, needs advertising and popularization!
Should I choose a school (technical school) as a basic education?
From the point of view of the fact that in this institution they master the specialization course much faster than in any higher education, it can be advised for young people who are eager to become independent and start earning money. In addition, because of the shortage of laborers, employment will not take long. Plus, the fact that the employer will be interested in this kind of specialist will also serve, so a decent salary is provided to him.
Technologies are becoming more perfect every day, but people of working professions are still needed in any production. It is possible right after the school to successfully find a place where the bosses will create the most comfortable working conditions. It is possible and career growth, and additional training courses, and other pleasant moments.
But do not forget that the profession of the worker in society does not yet enjoy a special prestige, and even on the state of health, it can affect any deviations from the norm.
The most popular professions for graduated vocational schools
In today's world, only a small part of handymen is really necessary, such employees, as they say, "in weight of gold," especially if they have the talent for their craft, qualifications and the desire to develop and grow further along the career ladder.
The branches of machine building, food industry and textile enterprises constantly need to replenish their ranks with valuable personnel. Therefore, a young graduate of the corresponding schools and technical schools can successfully find a job, even while still a student.
Here they are - claimed professions (list):
- subsidiary workers in the field;
- drivers of cars;
- workers in the construction sector (masons, concrete workers, plasterers, etc.);
- room cleaners;
- the cook;
According to official data, there is a huge demand for such specialists, but there are very few masters of their field in these specialties.
Levels of working professions
For the successful employment of a person who graduated from the vocational school, it is desirable to have some level of qualification, this will guarantee him a higher pay and a better position held.
The ranks are assigned to workers by a special commission and employers for demanded ideas and long-term professional experience. You can improve your qualifications by expanding your specialization. At each production, its discharge grids are from the initial (low-paid) to the highest (demanded and valuable).
What is a classifier?
Someone or something should separate workers according to their specifics, adhering to specific established rules. Therefore, there is such a thing as a classifier of working professions. Let's try to understand what it is.
The classifier is a certain list of rules for certain criteria, which was developed by the Research Institute (Scientific Research Institute), its specificity is the solution of labor and social issues. It was introduced back in the USSR in 1987 year.
The classifier of the occupations of job positions deals with the tasks of calculating the number of professional jobs, takes into account and distributes the staff by categories of personnel, qualifications depending on specific working conditions, comparing with the wage funds and the need for institutions in them.
All the issues related to ensuring employment of the population, all monetary charges (wages, pensions, etc.), employment, etc., are decided by the above-mentioned document. All actions are carried out according to a specific set of rules, in accordance with legal restrictions.
It is divided into sections of the profession of workers and positions of employees. The first consists of the occupation listed in accordance with the "ETKS" (directory of works and professions). The second one was developed based on the “Unified Nomenclature of Employees' Professions”, “Qualified Handbook of Managing Positions”, existing resolutions and other regulatory documents.
All positions consist of several blocks: identification, names of classification objects and information section.
Professions in the classifier are characterized by a number of features, from types of production and classes of specificity to working conditions and the degree of mechanization.
It is in this document that you can find the most detailed information about any position and occupation.
It's time to change your eyes!
Despite the lack of prestige of working professions, one should not discount this option of education. Every year there are less and less good specialists. This profession is beginning to become rare and in demand, which, in turn, brings with it an increase in wages and an improvement in the attitude towards such a specialist.
Judge for yourself: firstly, studying at a technical school takes much less time than at an institute or university; secondly, the cost of such education is significantly lower than at higher educational institutions. Thirdly, if you have a talent for some craft, then in the future your work will bring you only pleasure, and the level of your services will be appreciated.
A good option for graduates of vocational schools is to start their own business, opening a small (and later, maybe, medium) business. It is even better to work for yourself much more pleasantly and more profitably than for any organization.
In general, the advantages of working professions, as they say, are “obvious”, but the choice is always yours!