The strongest earthquakes in the last 100 years

We offer a look at the report of the Geological Society of London on the strongest earthquakes in the last 100 years. Armenia, USA, Japan, China, Chile and others - all of these countries suffered from natural disasters.

1. April 18, 1906, San Francisco.

At 5:12 in the morning, a powerful earthquake occurred in San Francisco, the magnitude of which was 7.8 on the Richter scale. Tremors were felt even in the center of the state of Nevada, located in the depths of the continent. As a result of this disaster, almost 80% of the buildings in the city of San Francisco were destroyed, 300,000 people were left homeless, 3,000 died.

2. December 28, 1908, Messina, Italy.

The epicenter of an earthquake of magnitude 7.5 points was located in the strait between Sicily and the Apennine peninsula. As a result of this earthquake, which is considered the strongest European earthquake, the cities of Messina and Reggio Calabria were almost completely destroyed. In Messina, almost half the inhabitants died.The total death toll is estimated at 70-100 thousand people (some sources call the figure up to 200 thousand).

3. September 1, 1923, Tokyo-Yokohama, Japan.

This 8.3 magnitude earthquake is also called the Kanto Great Earthquake, since the Japanese province Kanto suffered the most from the impact of the elements. In two days, 356 aftershocks occurred, and the height of the tsunami in Sagami Bay reached 12 meters. The death toll in that crash is estimated at 142,800.

4. Quetta, Pakistan, 1936.

The earthquake completely destroyed the urban infrastructure, the death toll was almost 40,000, and the damage was estimated at 25 million US dollars.

5. Concepción, Chile, 1939.

The magnitude of aftershocks was 8.3 points. 28,000 people died, the damage amounted to almost 100 million dollars.

6. December 26, 1939 Erzincan, Turkey.

This city regularly has to go through powerful earthquakes. In 1939, the element claimed the lives of 36 to 39 thousand people.

7. February 29, 1960, Agadir, Morocco.

An earthquake of 5.9 points lasted only 15 seconds, but the death toll was 15 thousand, 12 thousand were injured, 35 thousand were left homeless.

eight.Chimbote, Peru, 1970.

The 7.7 magnitude earthquake seriously damaged the fishing industry, which caused unemployment and impoverishment of the population for several years. During the earthquake itself killed 67 thousand people, and the damage amounted to 550 million dollars.

9. July 27, 1976, Tien Shan, China.

This earthquake with a magnitude of 8.2 points is considered to be one of the largest in terms of the number of victims in the history of observations. Then the elements claimed more than 650 thousand lives.

10. February 4, 1976, Guatemala.

As a result of an earthquake measuring 7.5 points, more than 22 thousand people died and 70 thousand were injured. The damage amounted to 1.1 billion dollars.

11. September 19, 1985 Mexico City, Mexico.

This 8.1 magnitude earthquake is considered to be one of America’s most devastating earthquakes. The death toll at that time was 9 thousand, 30 thousand were injured and 100 thousand were left homeless.

12. December 7, 1988, Spitak, Armenia.

The magnitude of the catastrophic Spitak earthquake was 7.2 points. Spitak city and 58 more villages were completely destroyed. The death toll was 25 thousand people, and 514 thousand were left homeless.The damage was estimated at 14 billion dollars.

13. October 17, 1989, San Francisco, California, USA.

The earthquake, whose magnitude was 7.1 points, occurred right before the start of the World Series baseball game, so in the USA this earthquake is also called the “World Series earthquake”. Compared to other earthquakes, there were not so many dead: 68 people. Tremors completely destroyed a whole network of roads, and the total material damage amounted to 6 billion dollars.

14. On January 17, 1995, the Kobe earthquake is one of the largest in Japan.

The magnitude of aftershocks was 7.3 points. 6434 people died, the damage amounted to 200 million dollars.

15. August 17, 1999, Izmit earthquake, Turkey.

Magnitude 7.6 points, the number of victims was 17,217 people, over 43 thousand were injured. The earthquake triggered a fire at the refinery, which took several days to extinguish. The total damage amounted to 25 billion dollars.

16. December 26, 2004, the Indian Ocean earthquake.

The magnitude was 9.1 points. The earthquake caused the most deadly tsunami in modern history, killing nearly 300,000 people.A monstrous earthquake changed the speed of rotation of the Earth, which is why the day became shorter by 2.68 μs.

17. May 12, 2008, Sichuan earthquake, China.

The magnitude was 8 points. The echoes of this earthquake were felt even in Russia. The death toll was 68 thousand people, the damage - 20 billion dollars.

18. February 27, 2010, Region Maule, Chile.

The magnitude of the powerful earthquake in Chile was 8.8 points, the total death toll reached almost 800 people. The earthquake caused a tsunami that even reached Australia.

19. March 11, 2011, the earthquake near the island of Honshu, Japan.

Magnitude up to 9.1 points is the strongest earthquake in Japan in the entire history of observations. On March 14, official sources report nearly 5,000 dead, but this figure is not final.

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