Varieties and types of zucchini: description, characteristics, features of cultivation
Zucchini - a dietary vegetable, characterized by lowcaloric content. In addition, it contains a large number of vitamins and minerals. Due to this, this product is often used during diets, as well as for the treatment of kidney failure, heart disease and liver. Grow this vegetable on a country plot is not difficult, it's enough just to understand the variety of varieties of this crop. It starts with varieties of early-ripening squash.
To start with this kind of courgettes is becausethe first harvest can be obtained fairly quickly. This plant continues to bear fruit for 2 months. Therefore, feast on fresh squash is possible until late autumn.
Outwardly, this variety can be distinguished by elongatedfruits, the length of which is up to 22 cm. The weight of one fruit is about 300 g. Vegetables grow on small bushes that do not take up much space. Pale green squash differs juicy light flesh. As a rule, this variety is used for cooking caviar and other cooking.
Vegetables of this kind are resistant to overripe, so they are well preserved and do not lose their taste.
This variety of courgettes is unpretentious. The main thing is to provide him with a sufficient amount of moisture and sunlight. You also need to take care that the plant is in a nutritious, light and acidic enough soil.
This variety is characterized by fruits of standard form and up to 20 cm long. At that zucchini grow quite large and can weigh up to 650 g.
If we talk about the characteristics of this specieszucchini, it is also worth paying attention to the fact that the plant begins to fruit fairly quickly after planting. Thus from one bush it is possible to collect up to 17 kg of fruits. This zucchini is distinguished by a green peel and flesh of a standard cream color.
The main advantage of this variety is that it is resistant to most common diseases, so it does not need to be treated with toxic poisons.
Speaking about the most early-ripening types of courgettes, it is worthit is this variety that should be selected, since the plant gives the first fruits within 30 days after planting the seeds. However, it is worth paying attention to the fact that you need to harvest at least 2 times in 7 days. Otherwise, fruiting can slow down noticeably.
This variety is resistant to frost. At the same time, from one hive, truck farmers collect at least 10 kg of fruit.
Plant Aral can be in difficult conditions. The fact that this zucchini well tolerates frosts and severe droughts.
This green zucchini belongs to the varietyzucchini. This variety is also considered early ripening. However zucchini grow not so big. Peel is characterized by small light spots. At the same time, the fruits grow very even and transport well. To get the maximum amount of harvest, it is recommended to collect zucchini in a timely manner. Admit overriding is not worth it. Otherwise, new fruits will not be formed in the right way.
If you care for the plant, then from one bush you can shoot up to 12 kg of fruit.
This early ripening variety is alsoa kind of zucchini. Bushes are compact, with a huge number of women's flowers growing on them. Due to this squash "squash" is characterized by high yield. From one bush it is possible to collect up to 10 kg of fruit.
This variety is successfully used for canning, cooking a variety of dishes, as well as for other types of processing.
The main advantage of this variety is that it perfectly tolerates both frosts and droughty periods.
This early ripening variety is very popular, as it can be eaten even in fresh form. It is also great for cooking caviar and other culinary dishes.
Usually zucchini of this variety reach a weight of up to 600 g. At the same time they are covered with spotted skin. The flesh is slightly greenish.
The main advantage of this variety isresistance to disease. However, it should be borne in mind that these zucchini do not tolerate very low temperatures, so it is recommended to plant plants only in warmed soil.
Also it is worth noting that these zucchini can be planted quite close to each other, as the bushes are quite compact in size.
Speaking of early-ripening kinds of courgettes, it is worthselect this variety, since the first crop appears fairly quickly. However, the fruits of courgettes of this variety do not differ in size. Their weight rarely exceeds 350 g.
Separately, it is worth noting the light-white skin of fruits, which are most often used for canning. Also zucchini are excellent for preparing a wide variety of dishes.
This variety is characterized by increased resistance to diseases. Thanks to this, the harvest is perfectly preserved. It can be transported without problems.
As a rule, seeds are sown in the third decadeautumn or early June. Since the bushes are compact in size, they can be planted quite close to each other. Podkarmlivat zucchini recommended organic fertilizers.
Considering varieties and types of courgettes, be sure toit is worth mentioning about this variety. The first harvest truck farmers are harvested after 25-30 days after sowing. Despite such short deadlines, the plants bring quite large fruits, the weight of which can be up to 450 g.
If we talk about the external features of thesezucchini, they are not much different from their "fellow". Fruits can be stored for a long time and at the same time transported, without fear that they will damage. Also, courgettes perfectly tolerate changes in temperature conditions and exhibit phenomenal resistance to the most common diseases.
It should be noted that this variety was introduced relatively recently. That is why zucchini seeds can not be found in every store. However, they are worth looking for.
It is also worth noting that this variety of zucchini for open ground is used very often. In addition, they grow beautifully under a film or in a greenhouse.
This variety is considered one of the most delicious. In addition, zucchini of this variety is well preserved, transported and distinguished by excellent aesthetic data. Inside the fetus is a very small seed chamber. In this case the seeds perfectly rise.
However, it should be borne in mind that this varietyit is recommended to grow exclusively in greenhouses, as zucchini of this species is very poorly tolerated by temperature fluctuations. If the crop is planted in the open ground, then this will negatively affect the yield of the plant.
In addition, this variety is not very suitable for growing in the central and northern regions of Russia.
If a large amount of precipitation is observed in the region during the summer, it is worth paying attention to this variety. In addition, zucchini excellently tolerate temperature changes and extreme frost.
Fruits ripen quite quickly. However, if the spring was very cold, then this period could increase to several months.
Outwardly zucchini differ in their cylindrical shape. At the same time, their weight can reach up to 1 kg. The flesh of the fruit can be green or yellow.
This variety is considered the most uncomfortable in care. In order to collect a good harvest, it is only necessary to water the crop in a timely manner.
Plant zucchini is recommended in neutral or light soil. In addition, plants can be fertilized. It is also necessary to produce loosening in a timely manner.
These Spanish zucchini hybrids, best tolerate heat and severe drought. The main advantage of this variety is that the weight of the fruit can reach up to one and a half kilograms.
In the process of transportation zucchini do not change their useful and taste properties. Thanks to this, the fruits are great for pickling, preparing marinades or eating fresh.
This variety is recommended for regions withan arid climate. In this case, you can grow zucchini 2 times a season. Primary disembarkation takes place in the third decade of spring. The second time you can sow zucchini in the middle of summer. It is recommended to choose the most sunny place for cultivation of this culture.
Also worth considering are medium-sized speciescourgettes. Such fruits are distinguished by a longer maturation period, which can be up to 2 months. However, the fruits grow quite large. In this case, medium-ripening varieties are suitable for growing in any climatic conditions.
These varieties of courgettes can be planteddirectly into the open ground. However, before this, it is recommended to grow seedlings in the home. Planting zucchini is best away from each other, because the bushes grow quite large.
This type of mid-season zucchini differs in that it does not require special care. Fruits are often consumed fresh or used for canning.
If we talk about the characteristics of courgettes of this variety, it is worth paying attention to their peel. It can be white or green. The flesh is characterized by a dense structure and white hue.
This variety is resistant to temperature changes. Also, the fruits are perfectly transported and do not lose their positive qualities.
In addition, it should be borne in mind that this sort is not susceptible to mineral fertilizing. Therefore, there is no point in wasting time on such fertilizers.
A distinctive feature of this variety isbranchiness of its bushes. That's why they need to be planted at a fairly large distance from each other. To get a good harvest, you need to water the crops in a timely manner.
This variety is distinguished by the bright yellow color of the skin of the fruit. His flesh is very tender and quite soft.
Yellow zucchini differs in weight, whichin some cases can reach up to 2 kg. Store the harvested crop can be no more than 2 months. After this, fruits must necessarily be used for canning or cooking. Otherwise they will begin to fade very quickly.
In prolonged rains, gardeners recommend checking the yellow zucchini periodically and removing foliage around it in a timely manner. If there is rot, then this will negatively affect the root system of the plant.
It is recommended to plant the plants in late May. It is important to ensure that the air temperature is not below +12 degrees.
This variety is popular due to its taste and commercial qualities. Marrows of this kind are excellent for canning.
The weight of the fruit can reach one and a half kilograms.
The main external distinctive feature of this variety is that the strips on the fruits are not solid, but intermittent and differ in size.
Planting plants is best done at the endMay. If the ground temperature is below +15 degrees, then it is better to sow the seeds later - in early June. In this case, you need to make sure that there is a sufficient distance between the bushes. So they will not interfere with each other or block out the sunlight. The soil should be moderately dry. If the site is dominated by high groundwater, it is better to choose another place for zucchini.
Also on sale are the seeds of courgettes, which are planted in the autumn period. Such varieties are ripe for a long time. The first harvest can be obtained only after 4-5 months.
Such zucchini differ in their shape and color. In addition, they can have a variety of taste qualities.
These varieties do not require special care, so the plants can be planted and can safely leave the suburban area for at least the entire summer. Consider the most popular varieties of this type.
This variety got its unusual culinaryname due to its distinctive features. The fact is that after the heat treatment the fruit pulp is transformed into oblong wavy fibers, which outwardly resemble the well-known pasta. In addition, the squash "Spaghetti" is distinguished by its stems. They can grow up to 1 meter from the base of the bush. In this case the stems can also penetrate into other plantings. Therefore, you need to choose a place for zucchini, which is located away from the beds.
The fruits of plants differ ellipse-shaped. The skin is yellow and quite solid. Thanks to the sweet pulp "Spaghetti" squash is widely used for making desserts and other dishes. In this case, the crop can be safely transported for long distances.
"Lagenaria of Calabas"
Zucchini in the shape of a pear looks at the countrythe site is very unusual. However, the fruits of this plant are practically not used in cooking. The most interesting thing is that they are used to make souvenirs and some types of dishes. It's all about the unusual shape of zucchini and their firm and firm skin.
From one bush gardeners usually collect up to 40 kg of fruit. At the same zucchini can grow up to 1 meter in length. Therefore, planting plants should be at a great distance from each other.
This is another kind of zucchini giants. The length of a single fruit can reach up to several meters, and weight up to 12 kg. This fact must be taken into account during planting. They should not cover each other from sunlight.
Giant fruits are not suitable for cookingdishes, therefore it is recommended to collect young zucchini, the length of which does not exceed 50 cm. If they grow larger, the zucchini peel hardens strongly. In this case, the fruit can be used only for making dishes, souvenirs or decorative items.
To check the maturity of the fetus, it is enough to hold a fingernail over it. If the peel is quite soft and easily scratched, the zucchini can still be eaten as food.
The main feature of such fruits is that after separation from the main bush they continue to grow.
It is recommended to plant this variety in the beginning of spring. The primary harvest can be collected in a few months.
The variety is characterized by extremely high yield and excellent shelf life. Zucchini "Pharaoh" has a fairly thick skin, but the flesh is very soft, juicy and tender.
Sow the seeds of this variety is recommended closer toend of May, when the temperature of the earth will be plus. In this case, the bushes should be planted at a fairly decent distance, not only from each other, but also from other crops. After that, you should regularly water, loosen and feed plants.
With proper care, you can collect each seasona huge harvest of delicious fruit. Also on sale you can meet squash barley. It is suitable for decorative purposes. From all variety, you can choose the best variety, which is suitable for growing in almost all weather conditions.