Water supply from the well. Autonomous water supply of a country house from a well
Having a country house, I want it to beIf not all, then at least the main blessings of civilization were present - water supply and sewerage. Carrying water is a very costly, troublesome and sometimes even impossible task due to natural conditions. In such cases, it is possible to provide the house with water from a well - this is an excellent alternative to the general water supply.
Sources of water supply for a country house
There are several ways to ensure the supply of water to a country house:
1. You can feed the life-giving water from the central water supply. However, this method can cause problems due to the relatively high cost of work and the small pressure of water from a remote pipeline. It also happens that the central water supply is simply absent.
2. Taking water from the nearest natural sources - rivers or lakes. If they are absent, then, accordingly, such a solution is also not suitable.
3. Well construction. With a deep passage of artesian waters or certain types of soil, its arrangement will be impossible.
4. Construction of a well. A very acceptable way of autonomous water supply for a country house.
So, first, we need to consider everythingsources of water supply. And only after that choose the one that is most suitable for homeownership. We make the choice based on our budget and natural conditions.
Benefits of water supply from a well
Well water supply - in comparison with other options for supplying the house with fresh water - there are a number of advantages. Below are some of them:
- Economical work. To equip the water supply from the well with one's own hands is much cheaper than to drill a well or pull pipes from a central water pipe.
- There is no need to attract special equipment and specialists.
- Correctly made well will provide water for many years.
- The supply of water from the well does not require any special expenses, except for the energy costs for the pumps.
- You can equip the well without official papers.
Choosing a place for a well
First of all, it is necessary to check whetherwater for drinking. For this, it is necessary to take a sample from various nearby wells and carry it to SES. If there is confirmed quality, then you can determine the location and start the construction of the well. We offer you several ways to choose a site:
1. Focusing on people's signs. For example, where the groundwater is close, the grass is greener and thicker.
2. Old grandfather's method with the help of a vine or two aluminum rods.
3. Invite professionals with special equipment.
Before installing water from a well,It is necessary to take into account the location of cesspools andcompost pits, toilets. They should not be closer than 50 m from the water supply. It is also undesirable that the well is located next to the house or cellar, as this can lead to the washing out of the soil and the shift of the foundation.
Materials for the well
Work on digging a well is best done in the warm season - from May to September. Digging a foundation pit can be done manually, removing the ground with a bucket, and mechanically.
To ensure that the water supply from the well was of high quality,it is necessary to strengthen the walls of the structure. For this you can use concrete rings, wood, brick. The first are considered the most convenient. They do not allow the ground to crumble and it is best to prevent water from entering the tank from the surface. The use of large diameter rings subsequently greatly simplifies the cleaning of the well and its maintenance, as well as the installation of pumps. The usual structure consists of 6-7 concrete rings.
At the bottom of the well, you must make a filterfrom gravel, which will prevent the turbidity of water and the appearance of silt. In order not to get debris from the street, and the water remained clean, you need to make a lid. The well is recommended to be cleaned several times a year.
Materials and equipment for the water supply system from the well
So, the well is ready. It remains to launch it into operation. And for this it is necessary to understand what the scheme of water supply from the well is. Just note that expensive equipment and other components of the entire system is not required. As an economical option, you can use an external pump. However, it should be borne in mind that the effectiveness of its operation depends on the distance: the closer the system is from the house, the more efficient the pumping equipment will function. Materials for arrangement:
1. Installation for lifting water in the form of separate equipment, the pump station for a well is more often found.
2. Accumulation tank, in other words - the accumulator.
3. Water-stop valve.
4. The system of filters.
5. Pipelines with the necessary shut-off, mixing and distribution valves.
To ensure that the water supply system from the wellworked qualitatively and smoothly, it is necessary to choose the appropriate pipes, preferably from metal-plastic. Steel or metal elements with time begin to rust and oxidize, besides, they give water not only unaesthetic appearance, but also unpleasant taste.
Pump or pump station
When a pump or pump station is selected forwell, it is important to pay attention to the power of the equipment. If the well is very deep, and water needs to be raised to a decent height, then this parameter is very important. For such cases, it is recommended to purchase a centrifugal, self-priming pump. Otherwise, you can do with simpler models. For example, an external pump: it is cheaper and at the same time provides water supply from the well for a distance of up to 10 m. The mechanism is attached to a metal-plastic pipe, laid in a warmed trench (to prevent freezing in winter). With close water level in the well, it is recommended to use pumping stations. Membrane and submersible do not require the installation of additional water-proof valves, however this is not always reliable.
Filters, reservoir, valve
The water tank must be made of stainless steel or polymer. Its size depends on the type of water supply scheme chosen from the well, and on the needs of the family.
Water stop valve is installed to avoidloss of water, and that no air enters the piping or pumping station, which can disable the system. When selecting, make sure that the filters can easily be replaced.
Scheme of the water supply from the well
The scheme of water pipes differs depending onstorage tanks, which are used for uninterrupted flow of water. Water supply of the dacha from the well includes: a pump, a water tank, a water intake source, a control unit, pipe routing and control valves. The reservoir of the system with a storage tank is installed at the highest point in the house, for example, in the attic. It is carefully insulated to prevent freezing in winter. The water is pumped into the tank and then fed through pipes for all household needs. Replenishment of the storage tank can be manual and automated.
Water supply from a well with a water pumpThe reservoir is a system with a built-in sealed container into which water is pumped from below. With the rise of the liquid in the reservoir, the air in it is compressed. When the pump is switched off, the compressed air provides the necessary pressure, which allows maintaining a constant head in the system, and this is a very important factor for the operation of some household appliances. The homeowner will have to install an automatic water supply. This is achieved by installing special equipment that connects to the pump and regulates its switching on and off.
With proper arrangement of water supply in winterthe period does not require special precautions. In the well, as well as in the ground, the temperature is always above zero. The main thing to do is to calculate the depth of the pipe's removal and laying it in a trench. If necessary, it will be possible to insulate a part of the well above the ground, as well as the pipes themselves. Properly designed and installed water supply from the well will last for a long time, providing the right amount of water for all living in the house.