Watermelons in greenhouses: correct growing
Watermelons - plants light and shade. Therefore, growing them in a greenhouse is more than advisable. This method can be acceptable both in the central part of Russia and in Siberia. Watermelons in greenhouses, as in the open ground, are best grown by planting seedlings. This is the most acceptable option. The fact is that in May at night the air temperature may be insufficient for a good growth of this culture, even in a greenhouse.
Seedlings are planted about a month before the transferin the ground, not later than 1-2 May. Soil mixture for it should consist of one part of the vegetable garden and three parts of humus. When sowing, the seeds of watermelon are laid on their sides. This will facilitate the germination of cotyledons. Deepen them into the soil by 3 cm. When caring for seedlings, one must take into account that a lack of illumination will lead to its strong stretching.
Planting watermelon in a greenhouse can be madenext to other crops - tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, etc. In spring, the bed should be dug up and fertilized with manure. The most suitable for the cultivation of this crop are sandy loams and sandy soils. On clay get a good harvest will not work. Under the bushes dig holes. When planting, make sure that the roots of the watermelon do not come into contact directly with the manure.
Watermelons in greenhouses are often infected with arachnoidmite. At the first signs of its appearance, plants must be treated with appropriate preparations. Not bad for this purpose and the usual ash ash.The harvest in the greenhouse depends, first of all, on how well the watermelon variety is selected. It is best to choose early maturing plants.
Watermelons in greenhouses, like any melons, do notthey are afraid of drying out, but at the same time they do not tolerate excess water at all. Therefore, you need to pay attention to such an important indicator as humidity. Ideally, it should not be above 60%. With a sharp drop in the temperature of the air on the street, seedlings need to be covered.
Formation of a watermelon in a greenhouse will passfaster in the event that watering this plant is not ordinary water, and use a solution of any nitrogen fertilizer. It must necessarily be warm. Do this carefully so as not to fall on the leaves and stems. After ten days of growth in the greenhouse, the bushes will need to be tied up. Of great importance is also the procedure, such as the formation of plants.Those shoots on which the ovaries appear pinch, leaving no more than two leaflets above the fruit.
The main stage in harvesting gourds isto call the binding of fruit. Fruits are placed in a grid and suspended at a short distance from the ground. This must be done after they reach the size of the apple. Watermelons in greenhouses, as in the open ground, are removed from the bush only when a characteristic sound appears when you tap on the fruit.
If all of the aboverecommendations it will be easy to get an excellent crop of this culture in the greenhouse, diversifying your table with tasty and useful fruits. Cultivation of this culture is not difficult, but requires a responsible approach. We must also take into account the fact that the greenhouse itself should not be shaded by trees and buildings, since watermelons need a large amount of light in the formation.