What are the painkillers injections?
Pain can disturb a person for various reasons. Someone they occur after injury, and someone is the result of internal organs, etc. It should be noted that in some cases, this condition can lead to complications such as pain shock or loss of consciousness. That is why in some situations painkillers are given to the patient. What drugs are used for this purpose, we consider a little further.
What are needed?
As you know, pain-relieving injections are prescribed to patients to completely eliminate or alleviate unpleasant sensations during operations, after injuries, and in other cases. Today there are a huge number of medicines that are used to visibly extinguish the feeling of pain. It should be noted that such drugs are different names and are designed for different situations.
The composition of the means used for the treatment of teeth
For toothache, as well as their treatment or removal, dentists give a local injection. Such an injection blocks the nerve impulse only at a certain site.Most of these anesthetics contain the following components:
Injections used for dental treatment
What are the most effective and strong pain-relieving injections used in dentistry during tooth extraction or treatment? These drugs include drugs:
This drug is intended for painkillers. Its active ingredient is ketorolac. This substance contributes to the inhibition of thermoregulation and pain sensitivity. In addition, it inhibits the synthesis of prostaglandins - modulators of inflammatory processes - and the activity of cyclooxygenase enzymes. After such an injection, the patient begins to notice its analgesic effect after about 30 minutes. As a rule, this drug is prescribed for:
- joint injuries;
- muscle and back pain;
- bruises, sprains and sprains;
- toothache (done right in the gums);
- tooth extraction;
Pain relief injection for hemorrhoids
If inflamed hemorrhoids cause unbearable pain, then doctors prescribe a Novocainic blockade to patients. To do this, make painkillers injections in the tissue, which are located near the anus. If the patient has a crack, then prescribe drugs such as:
Anesthetic medicine "Ketonal"
The active ingredient of this drug is ketoprofen. It has anti-inflammatory, anesthetic and antipyretic effect. It can be purchased without a prescription. Injection "Ketonal" is shown in the following cases:
- pain after injury and surgery;
- pain during menstruation and algomenorrhea;
- arthritis (all kinds).
Contraindications to the use of "Ketonal"
Such an anesthetic injection is strictly prohibited in the following cases:
- 12 duodenal ulcer and stomach ulcer;
- intolerance to the substance of the drug;
- history of bleeding;
- hepatic or renal failure;
- non-ulcer dyspepsia;
- during pregnancy;
- children under 14 years old;
- during childbirth;
- during lactation.
Diclofenac pain medication
This drug belongs to the group of anti-inflammatory nonsteroidal agents derived from phenylacetic acid. It has a pronounced antipyretic and analgesic effect. Shown in such cases as:
- postoperative pain;
- primary dysmenorrhea;
- injuries of the musculoskeletal system;
- rheumatoid arthritis;
- ankylosing spondylitis;
Contraindications to the use of the drug
The injection with the drug "Diclofenac" is not recommended for patients with:
- acute rhinitis;
- children under 7 years old;
- bronchial asthma;
- hypersensitivity to the substance of the drug;
- during lactation;
- in the last 3 months of pregnancy;
- kidney and liver diseases;
- internal bleeding;
- gastric and duodenal ulcer.
The strongest painkillers are given during oncology, especially in its last stages. For this, doctors prescribe (strictly on prescription) a narcotic analgesic such as the drug Morphine Hydrochloride.If you are worried about pancreatitis, you can use the following drugs: "Odeston", "Mebeverin" or "Ditsetel". Among other things, such well-known medicines as No-shpa and Papaverine are highly valued.
Pain relievers during labor
During childbirth, such medications as “Petedin”, “Dolantin”, “Promedol”, “Fentanyl” and “Meperidine” are most often used as an anesthetic. These are quite effective drugs, the effect of which is already noticeable within 10 minutes after the direct injection. But such means still have their contraindications and side effects. In this regard, they are appointed only after the permission of the future mother or in case of emergency. In general, the dosages of these funds are very small, so they practically do not affect the child negatively. Moreover, they are administered only when the cervix of the woman in childbirth is already revealed by 5-6 centimeters.