What is etiquette? Rules of etiquette
In modern society in recent times often began to talk about the rules of etiquette. What is this concept? Where did it originate? What are its features and types? It is about etiquette and its meaning in society that the article will discuss.
The origin of the concept and its meaning
The established norms of moral behavior in society are the result of a long process of forming relationships between people. In the modern world, economic, cultural, political relations are impossible without observing generally accepted norms and rules of behavior, because you cannot exist in society without respecting each other.
What is etiquette? The concept of this means a manner of behavior, that is, it is the rules of politeness that are accepted in society.
Modern etiquette has inherited in all nations of the world customs and traditions of behavior in society, which were formed from ancient times, and now are common to all and must be respected by all representatives of social and political systems that exist in society.
In dictionaries, the term "etiquette" means the rules of behavior in society. It allows a person to use ready-made behaviors and communication.
Norms of etiquette are distributed both in public and everyday life of a person: in everyday life, at work, at home, at school, at a party, in public places. Its observance characterizes a person as a cultural and educated personality.
What is etiquette and what is the origin of the term? The word itself is of French origin and means "label, label, order of the ceremony." This concept came to the Russian language only in the 18th century, when the court life of the royal monarchy began to form, and cultural, political, and economic ties were established between Russia and other countries.
Homeland of etiquette
France and England are considered to be the classic countries of etiquette. However, they are not his birthplace. Back in the 15th century, ignorance, rudeness, adoration of brute physical force prevailed in these states, and Italy was the exception in European countries, where at that time there existed a higher degree of education, culture and education of the population.In the 15th century, England was still a country with barbaric customs and culture, ending one war, she was drawn into another. In Germany, too, there was a fierce war of the Hussites and there was sheer ignorance, including among the nobility. All disputes were resolved by physical force. France was completely enslaved by the British, besides the French did not recognize science and considered all scientists insignificant people. Against these countries, Italy was the territory of modern culture, and it was she who became the ancestral home of etiquette.
Manners of different nations, or what is common?
Modern etiquette has been formed for many centuries and is a cumulative universal set of rules and norms of behavior. But despite the fact that many of them are common to all nations, each nation has specific manners.
For example, “to throw a bone” to another person in our modern society means humiliation, and in the Papuans of New Guinea - the opposite. They share their food is considered the highest degree of respect and expression of friendly feelings.
With us, spitting on a person is an expression of contempt towards him, and among American Indians the doctor's spittle on a patient is a sign of disposition.
A talkative foreigner, once in Italy, will not understand the hint of his interlocutor, who strokes his cheek or chin. In Italian society, this gesture means that the conversation has dragged on so much that a beard begins to grow.
Features of etiquette and its types
What is etiquette in the modern world? This is a peculiar form of public control over human behavior. Failure to follow the rules of etiquette causes condemnation, amazement and censure in society, and sometimes leads to a fine for disturbing public order.
The main types of etiquette are: court, diplomatic, military, common. Most of the rules are the same, but great importance is given to the diplomatic one, since a deviation from its norms can harm the prestige of a country and complicate its relations with other states.
Rules of behavior are established in many spheres of human activity, and depending on them, etiquette is divided into:
- holiday and so on.
General rules of etiquette in specific situations
Greeting is the very first and most important rule of behavior of a cultured person, since ancient times it has been a criterion of human education. The world has been celebrating Greetings Day for more than 40 years.
The second main rule of etiquette is the possession of a culture of communication. Her skills and ability to lead a conversation can achieve the desired and maintain a competent and polite dialogue with people.
Currently, telephone conversations are the most common form of communication among the population, therefore telephone etiquette, or the ability to conduct such conversations, is of great importance in society. Accepted in a conversation on the phone to clearly express their thoughts, to be able to stop in time, to give the opportunity to speak to the interlocutor. Some companies carry out special training for employees in telephone conversations.
Good manners are the main component of cultural communication, some of them have been taught to us since childhood, and we learn the rest in everyday adult life.
The essence of etiquette and its importance in society
From a practical point of view, the value of etiquette is that it allows people to use forms of courtesy to communicate with other people.
Its basics are very simple:
- communication culture;
- correct and competent speech;
- absence of vulgar expressions and words-parasites in the conversation;
- the ability to greet and say goodbye;
- give thanks for the help, service and so on.
Of great importance in communication is the appearance of a person, the ability to properly behave in public places, on a visit, on holidays.
Of considerable importance are the manner of talking, the ability to tactfully conduct a conversation. To be a good interlocutor, you need to know about what you are talking about, to be able to express your thoughts so that they are interesting for the interlocutor.
You must be able to manage your negative emotions and negative mood. According to the rules of etiquette, the best way to defeat a negative is a human smile.
The society appreciates the ability to listen to the interlocutor, attention and attentiveness, the ability to come to the rescue in time and provide services to those who need it.
By the behavior of a person, his skill and style of communication with other people, you can easily determine the level of his education.
So what is etiquette? This is a set of generally accepted rules and behavior in society, as well as a culture of behavior.