What is mobilization?
When a country becomes restless or there is a threat of war, the state begins to mobilize people and organizations inside the country. The word "mobilization" appeared in the language relatively recently.
Let us consider in more detail what mobilization is, what is its purpose and what types of mobilization exist.
History of the term "mobilization"
The word "mobilization" in French means "set in motion." The word itself was first used in 1850-1860 to describe the actions and activities that were carried out by Prussia during this period.
Mobilization is a set of measures and measures to bring the troops and organizations within the state to a state of martial law in the event of a threat inside or outside the country. The mobilization plan is always approved by the General Staff. This is a very important document that describes all the measures and measures of mobilization in the country.
Every year the process of mobilization is improved, and new methods and measures are introduced that help speed up the process and make it more qualitative.Mobilization has repeatedly saved many countries from the collapse of the war, because when the enemy army invades the country, the troops of the defending country are ready to attack due to mobilization.
Over time, the mobilization of troops in a potentially hostile country was considered to be the beginning of a potential war. Therefore, subsequently, many countries have learned to mobilize covertly, so that the enemy could not detect it.
Purpose and types of mobilization
The goal of any mobilization is to prepare the troops for a possible threat to the country. Resulting in
- The troops are transferred from a peaceful situation to a military one.
- Produce rapid deployment of forces in the conflict region.
- The redeployment of troops by necessity from peaceful zones to the conflict region
- Deploy reserves.
Mobilization should prepare the army to repel military aggression from a potential or apparent enemy in the region. This allows the organization to enter the war and even allows you to tip the scales in their favor during the war. Any enemy country always evaluates the mobilization of the enemy seriously and even tries to prevent it with all his might.
Mobilization consists of
- Completion of troops equipment, uniforms, food and necessary things;
- Formation of new units, formations and units in the internal structure of the troops;
- A complete set of troops by personnel.
Mobilization can also be divided into two types.
- General, when mobilization occurs throughout the country and affects all organizations, industry and structures, placing them in martial law;
- Private, when mobilization is carried out only on the territory of a certain region or in a certain type of troops to increase combat readiness and discipline within the region and troops. Such mobilization is often educational in nature.