What is syphilis?

Natalia Gredyushko
Natalia Gredyushko
August 9, 2012

Well, let's see what syphilis is. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease, the causative agent of which is treponema pallidum. Syphilis is characterized by a slowly progressive course. Infection occurs during sexual contact with the carrier of infection, through blood transfusion, through sperm (even without visible changes in the external organs), from mother to fetus. But the infection by domestic means is practically excluded.

Symptoms of syphilis

There are three stages of the disease:

  • Primary stage. It is characterized by the formation of hard chancre at the site of infection in the body. A painless red seal with an ulcer forms, and a greyish yellow bloom occurs in the center. The overall diameter of the chancre is up to 20 mm. The affected area is most often the genitals, and outside the genital area, the chancre is found on the nipples and tonsils in the mouth. Primary syphilis can manifest itself after 6 weeks after contact with the carrier.
  • Secondary syphilis - a repeated defeat of the body treponema pallidum, can occur in the period from 4 to 10 weeks.Syphilis secondary is characterized by a pale rash that spreads throughout the body, including on the palms and on the feet. Flu symptoms may occur (fever, headache, general malaise). Secondary syphilis is accompanied by an increase in lymph nodes throughout the body. The disease can occur in the form of alternations of the asymptomatic period with exacerbation. In some cases, there is a loss of hair in the head and the growth of flesh-colored on the genitals and in the anus.
  • Tertiary syphilis occurs in the absence of treatment years after the defeat of the body is pale treponema. Damage affects the nervous system, internal organs, bones. Changes in tertiary syphilis are irreversible.

Syphilis can be diagnosed with a blood test. After confirming the diagnosis, complex treatment of a sexually transmitted disease is prescribed. Antibiotics are the basis of treatment with supplements in the form of immunotherapy, physiotherapy and fortifying drugs. The effectiveness of the treatment of syphilis can be determined only by laboratory tests.

The probability of re-development of the disease is very high, therefore both sexual partners should be examined, even if they do not worry about the symptoms of the disease. The doctor may prescribe preventive measures to avoid the development of the disease. Self-treatment is strictly prohibited.

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