What are banners? Red flag. Victory Banner. How is the flag different from the flag
In each state there are many flags and flags. They exist in our country, and some can boast of an ancient and difficult history. Unfortunately, the school curriculum does not include the topic of acquaintance with ancient and modern Russian flags. But in fact, this information may be useful not only for the younger generation, but also for adults who have developed themselves. Today we will tell our readers what banners are. And also we will tell the stories of the most famous cloths that cannot be separated from the events taking place in our country.
What are banners?
Each person, if asked, can give an approximate definition of a banner. However, many confuse it with the flag, although in fact there are several differences between these two terms.
So what are banners really? The science of vexillology can answer this question. She is engaged in a thorough and detailed study of flags and banners.The sphere of interest of this science includes their history, variety and evolution. It is for vexillologists who need to be interested in what banners are. Scientists give them a fairly clear statement that will be completely understandable to anyone.
Referring to them, we can say that the banner is a double-sided cloth with inscriptions, images and emblems. It is mounted on a pole, which in ancient times could be up to several meters high.
The value of this piece of matter, as it is called by the uninitiated, over the centuries has been and remains very large. Initially, the banner indicated to the soldiers the place where they were to be built before the battle. It symbolized the integrity of the army and its invincibility. During the battle, a flag waving in the wind meant that the squad had something to fight for and it was not yet defeated by the enemy.
After all, the loss of the banner meant shame and dishonor for all warriors. If the enemies managed to wrest the banner from the hands of the person guarding him, this fact was regarded as a defeat for the whole army and undermined the fighting spirit of the soldiers.
Today, for people serving in the army, the banner is no less important than for their ancestors. Even the soldiers take the oath to the Motherland, kissing the banner.This fact suggests that this cloth carries the very deep meaning, laid back in ancient times.
How is the flag different from the flag?
For an outsider, it does not matter, we are talking about a flag or a banner, but a specialist will give you at least five differences between these panels. First of all, they relate to their form. We think it is clear that the flag and the banner are sewn of fabric. And in many cases it may even be identical. However, the flag is always strictly rectangular. The banner can be rectangular, square or even diamond-shaped.
Moreover, both sides of the cloth have inscriptions, emblems and signs. But the flag is a one-sided symbol. Images are applied to it only on one side.
Most often, the flag does not have a permanent attachment, it rises and falls with a special cord. Whereas the banner is always mounted on a wooden base. This is what allows you to take it into battle with you and raise it above the battlefield.
Banners are unique and piece objects, they are never allowed into mass production. Most often they have rich embroidery, they are sewn of expensive materials and decorated with fringe. For flags, the attitude has always been simpler.Our ancestors often sewed them from different pieces of fabric, but now they are made using regular printing.
Our ancestors always used banners in the most solemn occasions. Often they were made to any important celebration for the state. Such a reason could be a coronation, the burial of a royal person, a victory over the enemy, or the formation of a new regiment. In the latter case, it was about the banner of the regiment, which was carefully kept and honored by all the soldiers serving in it, even centuries after the formation.
The word "banner": the history of origin
Historians argue a lot on this account, however, they come to the conclusion that this word was derived from the Old Russian verb. Since the banner carried the meaning of the distinctive sign, it takes its roots from the well-known verb "to know". It was used in the sense of "notice."
If we continue to compare the banner and the flag, the second word is firmly in use only in the time of Peter I. In the seventeenth century, it was borrowed from a foreign language and literally translated means “whip”. It was the king who ordered the use of the new term in the army and navy.Over time, the word stuck and began to be applied everywhere.
Znamenny complex: a brief description
Any banner today consists not just of a pole and a cloth, but of a whole complex of objects that complement it. If, for example, we are talking about a military banner, then it also comes with a carrying case, a sling for carrying and a pommel. It is a metal ball, spear, or it can have any other shape. It is permissible to attach ribbons, brushes and fringe.
In addition, the standard complex includes a plate made of metal, located on the pole near the cloth, and a piece of fabric without symbols and images, called "stock".
Interestingly, in ancient times there was a whole division of warriors who were constantly near the flag. Most often, they were from the ranks of the infantry and had to defend the battle flag during the battle. To date, these units do not exist, but our ancestors treated this category of soldiers with great respect.
Types of banners
Within the framework of this article we cannot tell about all the banners existing in Russia.However, the most important and historically interesting, we still mention. Usually they include:
- Red flag. In Soviet times, this banner was known to everyone.
- Victory Banner. Since spring forty-five, it has become the most important and most valuable symbol of the Soviet people.
- Battle flag. This relic is extremely important for the soldiers honoring this cloth as a symbol of their belonging to the Russian army.
In the future we will talk about each of the above characters. After all, their story is filled with a huge number of events.
Red banner: description and characteristics
The red cloth, freely developing in the wind, was almost the main symbol of the revolution of the early twentieth century. It met on every corner and always accompanied the revolutionaries in the battle against the tsarist regime.
Not surprisingly, it was the Red Flag that quickly turned into a subject symbolizing the power of the Red Army. We can say that it has become a constant attribute of the young state. In the USSR, this cloth was found everywhere and even became the basis on which a sketch of the state flag was made.
Interestingly, for the world community, the Red Banner has become a symbol of the Soviet regime. And today, this associative series works.In addition, the red color in banners was often used by states that shared the worldview of the Soviet Union. This category includes China and Vietnam.
The main symbol of victory
Under the banner of Victory today, we understand quite a certain symbol. It is widely replicated by the media, besides it can be found in many museum exhibitions of the world. In addition, the banner of Victory took with them to the ISS, the North Pole, and even secured it on Elbrus. At the level of Russian legislation, this cloth is recognized as an official symbol of the victory of the Soviet people over Nazi Germany.
Interestingly, this banner is a very simple panel, which, as history says, was made in the field. It depicts a sickle, a hammer and a five-pointed star. The inscription on a red background says that the banner belongs to the 150th Order of Kutuzov, II degree of the Idritsky rifle division, and it was hoisted above the Reichstag on the memorable May day of forty-five.
However, those who are a little versed in history claim that in fact, in Germany, Egorov and Kantaria raised a completely different banner.This fact was denied for a very long time, but nevertheless, if we compare photos from newspapers of that time, then the absence of any inscriptions on the cloth immediately strikes the eye. And this can be seen in several publications.
Experts believe that the red cloth, which is familiar to us, has acquired quite by accident. At the parade to endure his honor fell just on the representatives of the same 150th Order of Kutuzov II degree Idritskaya rifle division, not too distinguished by feats over the past five years of hostilities. Inspired by their honor, the men put inscriptions and proudly carried out the cloth.
In the future, it was too late to change it, so the banner of Victory entered the annals of the country's history in this form.
Banners of military units
Military or military banners are often called the main flags of Russia, because they symbolize the power and valor of the whole country and its individual representatives. These symbols are awarded to battalions, divisions and other military units. They must always be in the territory of the unit, and accompany soldiers throughout the battle.
Each military unit has its own banner.However, all of them are subject to the general rules and are made according to a single model. It is enshrined at the legislative level. All images on the panel are based on the most revered by the military reward - "St. George's Cross."
Historians claim that it symbolizes the award established in Russia in the second half of the eighteenth century, and the order that appeared during the Great Patriotic War at the same time. In general, the cross means the readiness of the military forces of the country at any moment to come out in defense of their homeland. Therefore, it is not surprising that it was he who became the basis for the sketch of battle banners.
Instead of conclusion
Of course, we can talk about banners for a long time. After all, sometimes one touch to the cloth exhibited in the museum can tell a whole story of victories and defeats, which it was witnessed.
No matter how many banners and flags have changed over the long centuries, it is necessary that modern Russians treat their symbols with the same trepidation as their ancestors.