What is transport? Types of transport
It is difficult to imagine our daily life without constant movement. Everywhere you can see cars and trains, airplanes and ships. Where are they all headed? Who are they carrying on board? They are bringing ordinary people who are eager to do their business as quickly as possible and return home to their families and friends with no less speed. Endless race, haste - all this dramatically exhausts. However, what would a world look like in which all travels and movements would last much longer than each of us used to.
The traffic has become everyday and ordinary. It greatly facilitates the fate of man in this vast world. But what is transport, how did it appear and what role does it play in the life of all mankind? About this and to learn in more detail.
What it is?
What is transport? This question can be answered very simply - it is a combination of all mechanical and non-mechanical means that are intended for the movement of people and goods.And now we find out how it came about.
The emergence of the need to move
Initially, the man moved on the ground independently and took with him only those loads that he could carry. But everything changed with the transition of human civilization from the primitive to the agrarian system. At this time the wheel was invented. It became the foundation for building a future civilization. The taming and domestication of wild animals, such as cows, goats, sheep, and wild boars, was no less significant a step towards the development of new and new lands.
Not escaped this fate and wild birds, such as ducks, geese, chickens and others. Many of the domesticated were tamed not for the purpose of eating them, but with the goal of facilitating movement. Thus, a lot of animals were tamed, which could further quickly move a person over long distances.
The horse is a stronghold of development and land development, with the domestication of it, a person has new opportunities. Along with the horse, this fate was not avoided by other animals, depending on the regions in which the man lived. For example, in hotter and deserted areas, camel has become the main mode of transport.He had extraordinary endurance to the climatic and natural conditions, thanks to which he became so popular.
And in the highlands, donkeys are often used and are still used. They are also very strong and durable. In the mountains of Tibet and the Himalayas, and still such animals as llamas are used as the main transport. India is famous for the fact that only the inhabitants of this country were able to master and tame elephants.
Horse drawn transport - what is it?
Subsequently, over time, horse-drawn transport was invented. With it, it was possible not only to move along with hand luggage, but also to carry large loads, and over long distances.
Carts, carts, carriages, sleds began to serve as new types of transport. And in all this they harnessed horses (one or several at a time) or llamas, which we mentioned above. By the way, the development of strong, even if already domesticated animals has not ended. For example, thanks to castration, people in rural areas also have such powerful sources of bullying power as oxen. The young bulls that underwent the operation called grew so strong that even heavy horse could envy it.
As for the regions located in the far north, dogs and deer began to play the role of carriers. In areas dominated by such natural areas as taiga and tundra, these animals have become indispensable, and the local indigenous people still use them as the main way of moving across the vast expanses of wildlife of their native land.
Sea transport: why is it necessary?
At about the time when some representatives of mankind tamed wild animals and made wagons, others overcame water obstacles that stood in the way of their development of new territories. Initially, it was so formed that human settlements were built on the coasts of oceans, seas, lakes and rivers. Water is always a source of food. And freshwater is also a source of drinking water.
But soon the functions of the coasts were not limited to this. Because there was a sea transport. The man began making it in order to search for territories and develop new fertile and rich lands. It was not only passenger transport, which, by the way, began to accommodate more and more people, as the design developed, it was also freight.
Such ships were used to trade with residents of other coasts, to which it was possible to swim. And if the first shipbuilders could only reach the other end of the lake, float down the river or sail along the sea coast, with the development of technology, more and more different ships became, their functionality grew, and the distances they could walk became longer .
The real revolution in shipbuilding was made by the development of steelmaking and the use of other materials, which turned out to be stronger and more reliable than wood, from which ships had been built for many centuries. Now we can confidently say that the development of maritime transport has led to enormous progress in global infrastructure. After all, today no one will be surprised with liners who transport thousands of people across the oceans, and with cargo ships carrying thousands of tons of various cargoes.
What is transport? Having heard this question, many will first of all imagine cars and trains, and this, by the way, is no accident.
After all, these two types of transport have become the most popular among the majority of the population of the Earth, because of their simplicity in management.Post a story about them, perhaps, it is worth of trains, as they appeared a little earlier.
When did the trains appear
The first prototypes of modern rail transport were invented by simple Russian serfs Yefim Alekseevich Cherepanov and his son Miron Efimovich. These two innovative minds came up with an idea that changed the world forever. They own the projects of the first steam locomotives - transport, which could move along parallel rails with the help of steam power, and had enormous power.
These two great people have many monuments and memorial plaques, and all over the world. By the way, there is a museum of railway transport, which is called the “House of Cherepanovs”. It is located in Nizhny Tagil.
Railway networks entangle our planet like a web, and this is no accident. Firstly, it is a very convenient public transport. He quickly and comfortably takes the passenger to anywhere in the continent. In addition, it is one of the most reliable ways to transport goods by transport. Because trains are able to pull a huge variety of cars, both freight and passenger.
What is a car
Now it's time to talk about the car. This, as we all know, roadless mode of transport. It carries out the movement due to the engine. In most cases, it is an internal combustion engine, which is extremely convenient and reliable in operation.
Road transport is becoming more and more popular every day, because of its comfort, reliability and mobile mobility, which other means of transportation cannot provide. The car, invented in the late nineteenth century, was not like its modern descendants. Now this transport performs many different functions. With it, and made private trips on passenger cars, and freight transport on huge wagons, and moving through public transport (route taxis, buses and trolley buses). Thus, it is obvious that transport has long taken root in everyday life.
Air transport: description and types
Perhaps the most extraordinary and fantastic invention is air transport. Although it is not the cheapest, it is certainly the fastest way of transportation known today.By the way, such aircraft as airships, which cannot be met, are also referred to air transport.
It also includes balloons, which are used only for entertainment and sports. Helicopters are also classified as air transport and are actively used in military situations, as well as in those areas where it cannot be penetrated by other means.
The helicopter is extremely maneuverable and, besides, a compact aircraft. However, the most popular type of air transportation is aircraft. Passenger airplanes are public transport, but the cargo ones are used for technical transportation. When it is necessary to move somewhere or to deliver something in an extremely short time, there is no better vehicle than an airplane.
Interestingly, the Ministry of Transport also includes elevators, escalators, elevators, cableways, pipelines and even conveyor belts to the list of vehicles.
Recently, pneumatic transport systems have become increasingly popular. This is a unique form of movement. At unbelievable speeds, it can move people and goods through a special pipe, if you can call it that.Today, one of the subsidiary companies of the scientist and entrepreneur Ilona Mask called Hyperloop is actively developing such a device.
In the transport of Russia are also going to introduce new transport systems. For example, a project of a similar pneumatic communication between Moscow and St. Petersburg is already ready. It remains only to wait for implementation in practice. Although it should take place in the near future.
What you need to be able to manage the tool
Not everyone will be able to master the art of transport management. To do this, you must first complete special training courses. In order to allow anyone to study, you must pass a medical examination. And if no disturbances are found in the body, then it will be possible to undergo further training. The medical examination will check the general state of health, the absence of chronic diseases, the functioning of the nervous system and the visual organs.
After passing the survey, you can start learning. However, you should study well in order to pass exams.
Training for managing motor vehicles takes only a few months, which is not the case with training in managing ships and trains. And what can we say about the control of the aircraft, which is a whole science. This training lasts several years in special educational institutions. However, on completion of training and obtaining a management license, nothing ends. Learning is necessary throughout life. Only in this way it is possible not to lose management skills and keep up with the times.
We have already figured out what transport is. And what other types of it are known, besides those that we have already considered? Now let's talk about space transportation. This industry does not stand still and develops more and more. And, apparently, already in our century tourist trips beyond the limits of the globe, which previously could only be read in science fiction novels, will be considered absolutely normal.
The world does not stand still. And it is very difficult to keep up with the speed of movement of civilization and the development of new and new technologies. However, this is possible thanks to developing transport systems that give us joy and freedom of movement every day.