White vinegar: what it is, what it is used for and what can be replaced
Vinegar is a product of microbiological synthesis. It is obtained from food-grade alcohol-containing material thanks to acetic acid bacteria. This substance is known since the most ancient centuries and has found wide application in cooking, household and industry. There are many varieties of this product, such as white vinegar. What is it and what is it used for?
The age of production and use of vinegar is quite comparable with winemaking. The first mention of this substance, which was found, dates back to 5000 BC. er It was made in ancient Babylon from dates, from which wine was also made.
The scope of its application was quite wide. Vinegar served as a seasoning, antiseptic and disinfectant.
By origin, the entire vinegar is divided into two types: natural and synthetic.Both can be used in the food industry. Synthetic is found not only in pure form, but also with various flavors. In this role, herbal extracts are used, which are also often used as seasonings. Natural alcoholic vinegar, which is produced from ethyl alcohol, can also be flavored.
Natural vinegar is apple, wine, balsamic, malt.
Table and white vinegar. What is the difference?
Many housewives believe that table vinegar, which can be found in any kitchen - this is white vinegar. That is, these are synonymous names for the same substance. In fact, this view is erroneous.
What is different from white vinegar from table is the fact that vinegar is a diluted solution of vinegar that can be bought in a store. Then, depending on the required concentration, diluted with less or more water. White is the product of fermentation of beer wort.
How vinegar is made
To obtain vinegar, you need natural raw materials. In this capacity can be a variety of fruit juices, grape juice and the remnants of wine material. As well as rectified ethyl alcohol and its products.Alcohol is fermented with acetic acid bacteria. The process of complete oxidation is not allowed, otherwise there will be a complete decomposition into water and carbon dioxide.
After the oxidation process is completed, you need to clean, pasteurize and pour the finished product. In some cases, the substance must be diluted.
If you look at how white vinegar looks like, it can be confused with ordinary tableware. Malt vinegar has a yellowish tinge, but after clearing, it becomes colorless. Since it has a rather strong smell and sour taste, it is not used for salad dressing or consumption in finished form. The most common areas of its application are the production of marinades and preservation.
But beer wort is not the only material from which this type of vinegar is produced. Then white vinegar - what is it when it is obtained from other raw materials? Among the culinary specialists, wine vinegar is the most popular. The white variety is the result of fermentation of the by-products of wine production.
The basis is white wine. Due to its milder and pleasant taste, it is often used in the preparation of a wide variety of fish and meat dishes. It is used for filling vegetable salads, cooking various sauces.
What is balsamic vinegar
To get balsamic vinegar, it takes a lot of time, a large amount of a certain grape variety and compliance with all the manufacturing techniques, which is more difficult than it might seem. But due to its taste characteristics, it is considered the most valuable type of vinegar.
It is produced in one region of Italy - in Modena. From the berries of white grapes squeeze juice, which is then subjected to the process of caramelization. Since the sugar darkens when heated, the substance acquires a dark color and a special taste. Unlike all other vinegars, balsamic is aged in wooden barrels for at least 12 years.
Since the complexity of manufacturing seriously affects the price, then on the shelves of shops you can often see simpler versions of vinegar, for the manufacture of which the technology is not so strictly observed. At the same time, it is quite a quality product that can be used for salad dressing, adding to sauces, sprinkling meat and desserts.
Variations of Balsamic Vinegar
Over time, several new interpretations of the classic balsamic vinegar have appeared, by varying the palette of tastes.For this vinegar infused with lemon, raspberry or cherry.
There is also white balsamic vinegar, which is produced using a different technology.
So that the color does not become dark, the grapes are not caramelized, and the vinegar itself is aged in steel barrels, and not from wood. The result is a product of a very beautiful rich golden hue. It is used when the light color of vinegar will look much better in a dish than a dark one.
Areas of vinegar use
White vinegar is not so often used in cooking as wine or apple. Because of its specific taste, it is suitable for preserving fruits and vegetables.
By the way, sometimes, according to culinary recipes, you need to add white wine, but when there is none, what can you replace? White vinegar will come to the rescue, you only need to add a little sugar in it, and the result will not disappoint.
It is well suited for solving many household problems. For example, perfectly clean plastic or glassware, the surface of the plate. In order to keep the plumbing in a perfectly clean state and not spend a lot of time and effort on it, you need to mix baking soda with vinegar.
This substance also copes with strong and unpleasant odors. To do this, it is necessary to wet them with a cloth and wipe the surfaces in those places where you need to get rid of them. White vinegar is also suitable for wiping cutting boards, the use of which will not only relieve odors, including fish, but also disinfect the surface.
To make the kettle shine, you need to add a little money to the water and boil it. To clean the iron inside, pour vinegar. Leave it with the steaming mode on in a vertical position. After 10 minutes, the remaining liquid should be poured out and the compartment where the water is poured, you need to rinse well.
White vinegar is very effective for solving a large number of problems with things. What is it, if not a budget bleach and stain remover? To easily get rid of traces of sweat in your armpits, you will need to moisten the stains with liquid and after 10 minutes you can wash off. If things have a lot of stains that do not wash off, then you will need to make a solution of vinegar and water (1: 1) and soak clothes in it for a few hours. Vinegar perfectly removes unpleasant odor from things, returns them the original brightness, performs the function of an antistatic agent. Therefore, it should be added to the washing machine each time before starting the wash.
White vinegar - what is it? This is a wonderful product of natural origin, which can be used not only in the kitchen, but also in everyday life.