Why Muslims can not drink alcohol
As is known, “dry law” reigns in Islamic countries. Are Muslims strictly forbidden to drink alcohol, or is there any relief? And where did this taboo come from?
How the “dry law” was introduced in Islam
Before the adoption of Islam, the inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula actively used alcoholic beverages. Since there was little water and it was often unsuitable for drinking due to various impurities and salts, people quenched their thirst in
mainly wine and date tincture. Although these drinks had a weak fortress, in a hot climate they began to ferment, which added degrees. All this led to mass alcohol addiction. Many died from alcohol poisoning, children began to be born with developmental defects.
Although at first Islam did not mean giving up alcohol, the Prophet Muhammad, seeing the devastating effects of drunkenness, decided to introduce a “dry law”. Its introduction was carried out in several stages.At first, people began to explain to people the harmful effects of alcohol. Then they took a ban on namaz in a state of intoxication. Finally, a complete and categorical ban was imposed on the use of any intoxicants. It was then that the concept of sin, the hamar ("depriving the mind"), was first announced in Islam.
Five main reasons why it was forbidden to drink alcohol were formulated:
- You can not namaz drunk. After all, believers should turn to Allah five times a day.
- Fear of addiction. Muhammad said that there would be no benefit from what is prohibited. After all, having drunk even one drink of alcohol, a person may want more.
- By clouding the mind, alcohol does not make out the distinction between righteousness and sin.
- Drinking alcohol is a bad example for children. After all, the older generation should serve as a role model for the younger.
- Alcohol reduces self-control, makes you forget about the Quran and the commandments of Allah, and for believers this is unacceptable.
Surat al-Ma'ida states: “O you who believe! The intoxicating drink, Maysir (gambling), (sacrifices) on stone altars (and fortune-telling) on flying arrows - bad actions (inspired) by shaitan. Avoid this, perhaps you will succeed.Truly, the shaitan, with the help of wine and Maysir, wants to sow hostility and hatred between you and turn you away from the remembrance of Allah and prayer. Will you stop (these obscenities)? ”
Wine was banned not only to drink, but also to sell. Merchants, who brought alcohol into the city, took the skins, cut them and poured the contents onto the ground.
What is a hamar?
Meanwhile, the word "hamar" meant at the same time "to cover with a veil", "stupefy" and a drink obtained from grape or fruit juice by fermentation. It turned out that if the drink was made in another way, it was possible to use it. So, at first, beer and pure alcohol, obtained in 860 by a Persian doctor, did not fall into the list of forbidden drinks.
In Persia, by the way, Zoroastrianism prevailed, preaching free human choice and being an integral part of the culture of this country. In the immortal poetry of Omar Khayyam and Hafiz there are many enthusiastic lines about wine. And today, although Islam has long become the dominant religion in the country, there are Zoroastrian communities, whose members still consume wine. It can be bought in small shops in the south-western regions of Iran, as well as in the territory of Muslim Albania.
Even many famous Muslim figures did not shy away from alcohol.This happened in the Middle Ages, and in our days.
Can or can not?
Theological controversy continues on this topic. In 2008, Islamic theologian Yusuf al-Qaradawi issued a fatwa, where alcohol was allowed in limited quantities. Al-Qaradawi explained that the content of alcohol in beverages less than 0.5% is quite acceptable for the faithful, as it does not lead to intoxication, and therefore cannot contradict the dogmas of Islam. True, many "colleagues" did not support him and immediately began a heated discussion.
Be that as it may, there is now a free sale of wine and raki in countries such as Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, and even Iran and Saudi Arabia. True, you will hardly find any really drunk here: this is no longer welcome ... Fans of drinking do it away from prying eyes and consume wine in fairly moderate quantities.